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China Marriage Law

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
China
Creator:
National People's Congress
Years:
2003, 2001, 1998

Orissa Forest Development Act

An act to provide for the levy and collection of forest development tax on sales of forest produce by or on behalf of the state government or the Orissa Forest Development Corporation.

*Please note that the state of Orissa formally changed its name to Odisha in 2011.*

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
India
Creator:
Orissa State Government
Year:
2003

Women's Property and Inheritance Rights: Improving Lives in a Changing Time

Full citation: Steinzor, N., "Women's Property and Inheritance Rights: Improving Lives in a Changing Time" FINAL SYNTHESIS AND CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS PAPER (USAID and WIDtech 2003).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Namibia, Malawi, Kenya, Tanzania
Creator:
Steinzor, N.
Year:
2003

Liberia Equal Rights of Customary Marriage Law of 1998

An Act to govern the devolution of estates and establish rights of inheritance for spouses of both statutory and customary marriages, approved in 2003.

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Liberia
Creator:
Republic of Liberia
Year:
2003

El Salvador Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
El Salvador
Creator:
Republic of El Salvador
Years:
2003, 1983

Cuba Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Cuba
Creator:
Republic of Cuba
Years:
2003, 2002, 1976

Qatar Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Qatar
Creator:
State of Qatar
Years:
2004, 2003

Tajikistan Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Tajikistan
Creator:
Republic of Tajikistan
Years:
2003, 1994

Vietnam Law on Land

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Vietnam
Creator:
Vietnamese Government
Years:
2013, 2009, 2003

Kazakhstan Land Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Kazakhstan
Creator:
Republic of Kazakhstan
Year:
2003

Laos Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Laos
Creator:
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Years:
2003, 1991

Laos Land Law

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Laos
Creator:
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Year:
2003

Rwanda Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Rwanda
Creator:
Republic of Rwanda
Years:
2010, 2003

Gabon Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Gabon
Creator:
Gabonese Republic
Years:
2003, 1997, 1991

Romania Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Romania
Creator:
Romanian Government
Years:
2003, 1991

Albania Family Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Albania
Creator:
Republic of Albania
Year:
2003

Liechtenstein Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Liechtenstein
Creator:
Government of Liechtenstein
Year:
2003

Estonia Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Estonia
Creator:
Republic of Estonia
Years:
2003, 1992

Malawi Land Act

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Malawi
Creator:
Government of Malawi
Years:
2003, 1965

Namibia Maintenance Act

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Namibia
Creator:
Government of Namibia
Year:
2003

Family Code of Amhara

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Ethiopia
Creator:
Amhara Regional State Government
Year:
2003

Ukraine Civil Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Ukraine
Creator:
Parliament of Ukraine
Year:
2003

Ukraine Family Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Ukraine
Creator:
Parliament of Ukraine
Years:
2003, 2002

Palestine Basic Law

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Palestine
Creator:
Palestine Government
Year:
2003

The gender asset gap: land in Latin America

Full citation: Deere, C. and Leon, M. (2003). “The gender asset gap: land in Latin America.” World Development, 31 (6), pp 925-947. - The gender asset gap in Latin America with respect to ownership of land is significant. In few countries do women constitute even one-quarter of the landowners. Gender inequality in land ownership is related to male preference in inheritance, male privilege in marriage, male bias in community and state programs of land distribution as well as gender bias in the land market, with women less likely than men to be successful buyers. But there are also important differences by gender in how land is acquired. Inheritance is the primary means by which most women become landowners; men are much more likely than women to acquire land through its distribution by communities or the state and via the market. Factors contributing toward a trend toward greater gender equity in land inheritance and in recent state programs are highlighted.
[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Deere, C. and Leon, M.
Year:
2003

Women's land rights and social movements in the Brazilian agrarian reform

Full citation: Deere, C.D. (2003). “Women's land rights and social movements in the Brazilian agrarian reform.” Journal of Agrarian Change, 3 (1-2), pp 257-288. - This article examines the evolution of the demand for women's land rights in the Brazilian agrarian reform. Most of the credit for raising the issue of women's land rights rests with women within the rural unions, as a by–product of the effort to end discrimination against women in all its dimensions. The achievement of formal equality in land rights did not lead to increases in the share of female beneficiaries of the reform, which remained low in the mid–1990s. This was largely because securing women's land rights in practice was not a top priority of any of the rural social movements. Moreover, the main social movement determining the pace of the agrarian reform, the landless movement, considered class and gender issues to be incompatible. By the late 1990s, however, there was growing awareness that failure to recognize women's land rights was prejudicial to the development and consolidation of the agrarian reform settlements and thus the movement. The growing consensus among all the rural social movements of the importance of securing women's land rights, coupled with effective lobbying, encouraged the State in 2001 to adopt specific mechanisms for the inclusion of women in the agrarian reform. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Brazil
Creator:
Deere, C.D.
Year:
2003

Uganda Mining Act

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Uganda
Creator:
Government of Uganda
Year:
2003

The Civil Law in Spain and Spanish America

Full citation: Walton, Clifford Stevens, 2003. The Civil Law in Spain and Spanish America.

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
Spain, Multiple Countries
Creator:
Walton, C. S.
Year:
2003

China Nationality Law

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
China
Creator:
Government of China
Year:
2003