Facts, Solutions, Case Studies, and Calls to Action
- Collection Type:
- Zambia, Sudan, Multiple Countries, Mali, India, Bangladesh
- Deliver For Good
Facts, Solutions, Case Studies, and Calls to Action
Full citation: IDLO, "Accessing Justice: Models, Strategies and Best Practices on Women's Empowerment," IDLO REPORT (2013). - This paper highlights some of the challenges and solutions for women’s access to justice in diverse legal systems. It shows that women face structural and cultural barriers to accessing justice – insufficient knowledge of rights and remedies, illiteracy or poor literacy, and lack of resources or time to participate in justice processes. This is all the more so as women usually have intensive family responsibilities. Even where women can access the formal justice sector, the outcomes of the process often fall far short of those envisaged by international standards, particularly with regard to property rights, inheritance, divorce and child custody, and spousal abuse. Focusing on legal empowerment as a way to improve both access to justice and the quality of justice women receive, the study presents strategies and best practices in both formal and informal justice systems. Legal empowerment approaches share one core concept: using the law to enable disadvantaged groups to access justice and realize basic rights. They include legal education; legal aid services; support for non-discriminatory dispute resolution fora to complement or supplement informal systems; training of paralegals; and rights awareness. In considering whether such approaches can improve the quality of justice women receive, Accessing Justice brings together a number of IDLO-sponsored case studies in Afghanistan, India, Namibia, Rwanda, Mozambique, Tanzania, Morocco, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. These highlight a variety of lessons for development practitioners, both in terms of engagement with the informal legal sector and, more generally, for the use of legal empowerment and top-down / bottom-up strategies. In an appropriate context, carefully designed legal empowerment strategies may constitute a valuable contribution to improving women’s access to justice.
[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]
Full Citation: Dancer, Helen (2017) An equal right to inherit? Women's land rights, customary law and constitutional reform in Tanzania. Social and Legal Studies, 26 (3). pp. 291-310. ISSN 1461-7390
Full Citation: Josefsson, E. and Aberg, P., "An Evaluation of the Land Laws in Tanzania," MASTER'S THESIS (Lulea University of Technology 2005).
Full citation: James Petras & Henry Veltmeyer (2001) Are Latin American peasant movements still a force for change? Some new paradigms revisited, The Journal of Peasant Studies, 28:2, 83-118.
Full Citation: Agarwal, B., "Are We Not Peasants Too? Land Rights and Women's Claims in India," SEEDS (The Population Council, Inc. 2002).
Full Citation: Benschop, M., "Are Women's Equal Rights to Land, Housing and Property Implemented in East Africa?" UNHABITAT Report (April 2002).
Full citation: Harrington, A. and Chopra, T., "Arguing Traditions: Denying Kenya’s Women Access to Land Rights ," 2 JUSTICE FOR THE POOR RESEARCH REPORT (The World Bank, June 2010).
Full Citation: Lichtenberg, E. and Ding, C., "Assessing farmland protection policy in China," 25(1) LAND USE POLICY 59 (2008).
Paper prepared for presentation at the “2017 World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty” The World Bank, Washington DC, March 20-24, 2017.
Full citation: Oduro, A., Boakye-Yiadom, L. and Baah-Boateng, W., "Asset Ownership and Egalitarian Decision-Making among Couples: Some Evidence from Ghana," 14 GENDER ASSET GAP PROJECT WORKING PAPER (2012).
Full citation: Oduro, A., Deere, C. D., and Catanzarite, Z., "Assets, Wealth and Spousal Violence: Insights from Ecuador and Ghana," 12 GENDER ASSET GAP PROJECT WORKING PAPER (August 2012).
Full Citation: Diarra, M., "Better Land Access for Women - Gathering Information and Sharing Lessons," Transitional Programme of Post-Conflict Reconstruction (Nov. 2010).
Full citation: Slavchevska, V., De la O Campos, A. P., Brunelli, C., & Doss, C. (2017). Beyond Ownership: Tracking progress on women’s land rights in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Paper presented at the World Bank Land and Poverty Conference, Washington DC, March 20-24.
Full citation: Villanueva, R., "The Big Picture: Land and Gender Issues in Matrilineal Mozambique," RESEARCH REPORT (May 2011).
Full citation: Sulle, E. and Nelson, F., "Biofuels Investment and Community Land Tenure in Tanzania: The Case of Bioshape, Kilwa District," 73 FUTURE AGRICULTURES WORKING PAPER (2013).
Full Citation: Brulé, R., "Black Market for Brides? NCAER Decentralization," Rural Governance and Inclusive Growth, Retrieved from http://www.ruralgov-ncaer.org/blogs/?p=172 (Mar. 2011).
Full citation: Galik, C. S., & Jagger, P. (2015). Bundles, Duties, and Rights: A Revised Framework for Analysis of Natural Resource Property Rights Regimes.
Full citation: Santos, F., Fletschner, D., Savath, V., & Peterman, A. (2013). “Can Government-Allocated Land Contribute to Food Security?” IFPRI Discussion Paper, December 2013.
Full Citation: Peimin, L., "A Case Study on the Settlement of Rural Women affected by Land Requisitioning in China," 16(50) JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY CHINA 133 (2007).
Full citation: Garber, B., "Caught between Customary and State Law: Women's Land Rights in Uganda in the Context of Increasing Privatization of Land Tenure Systems" MA THESIS (University of Vienna May 2012).
Full citation: Dookie, C., Lambrou, Y., and Petrics, H., "CEDAW: A Tool for Gender-Sensitive Agriculture and Rural Development Policy and Programme Formulation," FAO PUBLICATION (FAO, 2013).
Full citation: Immanuel, K.F., "Challenges and Opportunities for Women’s Land Rights in Post-Conflict Northern Uganda," 26 MICROCON RESEARCH WORKING PAPER (June 2010).
Full citation: Palmer, R., "Challenges in Asserting Women's Land Rights in Southern Africa," GENDER WORKSHOP PRESENTATION (Mokoro, May 2009).
Full citation: Sam Moyo (2011) Changing agrarian relations after redistributive land reform in Zimbabwe, The Journal of Peasant Studies, 38:5, 939-966.
Full Citation: Save the Children, "Children and Women's Rights to Property and Inheritance in Mozambique: Elements for an Effective Intervention Strategy," SAVE THE CHILDREN MOZAMBIQUE REPORT (June 2009).