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Papua New Guinea: Seeking Gender Equity in Distribution of Mining Benefits to Communities

One of three Women, Land, and Mining Case Studies.  These individual case studies, summarized together in a separate synthesis report, represent diverse geographies, different scales of mining, different political and cultural contexts, differing project funding sources, a range of stages in the mining lifecycle, and diverse project approaches. They each contain more detail than the overarching synthesis report.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Papua New Guinea
Creator:
Scalise, E.
Year:
2019

Strategies for Incorporating Gender into Savings Groups: CSR and the Yanacocha Mine in Peru

One of three Women, Land, and Mining Case Studies.  These individual case studies, summarized together in a separate synthesis report, represent diverse geographies, different scales of mining, different political and cultural contexts, differing project funding sources, a range of stages in the mining lifecycle, and diverse project approaches. They each contain more detail than the overarching synthesis report.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Peru
Creator:
Richardson, A.
Year:
2019

Côte d'Ivoire Inclusive Development Approach Creates the Space for Women to Benefit from Artisanal Mining

One of three Women, Land, and Mining Case Studies.  These individual case studies, summarized together in a separate synthesis report, represent diverse geographies, different scales of mining, different political and cultural contexts, differing project funding sources, a range of stages in the mining lifecycle, and diverse project approaches. They each contain more detail than the overarching synthesis report.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Côte d'Ivoire
Creator:
Rugadya, M. A.
Year:
2019

Deeds and Misdeeds: Land Titling and Women's Rights in Tanzania

"This article draws on field research in different parts of Tanzania—the southern highlands, the central plateau, the shores of Lake Tanganyika, to the west, and the lush valley of Babati, in the northern region of Manyara—to examine the gendered outcomes of the land-formalization process. We present a number of specific case studies, involving women in varying social positions and land parcels of different value. Over the course of eight years, our team also investigated titling in some forty villages, assessing the certification data in the land registries of different districts.4 First, though, it may be helpful to set out some more general coordinates of land formalization."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Tanzania
Creator:
Askew, K. and Odgaard, R.
Year:
2019

Where are the women? A review and conceptual framework for addressing gender equity in charcoal value chains in Sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract

The importance of the charcoal sector is growing rapidly in Sub-Saharan Africa. In addition to providing an affordable energy source for residents in the continent's growing urban centers, the charcoal value chain offers a critical income source for millions of people. Despite recent studies suggesting that women are taking on an increasing role in charcoal value chains, data and analysis on the role of women and the influence of gendered power relations in the often male-coded charcoal value chain have remained limited. This literature review interrogates the gender dynamics of participation and benefits across charcoal value chains in Sub-Saharan Africa. We find significant support for women's participation throughout value chains, thereby contrasting conventional views of charcoal as a male activity. However, while dynamics change between different contexts, women's participation tends to be significantly higher in retail, while women tend to constitute a minority in other parts of the value chain – often joining the sector in the absence of alternative livelihood opportunities. The review also finds that gender differences exist across various nodes in terms of the scope, nature and outcomes of participation. While significant regional differences exist, our study finds that participation and outcomes tend to generally be influenced by gender differences and inequalities in: 1) access to and control over productive resources and income; 2) social and political capital, and; 3) gender roles and responsibilities. Importantly, other axes of social differentiation, such as generation, marital status, wealth and social class, often intersect with gender relations in influencing outcomes. In addition to structuring the extent, nature and outcomes of women and men's participation, we argue that gender roles and relations may significantly influence the efficiency and sustainability of the charcoal value chain. Based on our findings, we call for placing gender at the core – rather than periphery – of charcoal value chain studies, and propose a conceptual framework for incorporating gender analysis in future value chain studies in the charcoal sector.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Ihalainen, M., Schure, J., and Sola, P.
Year:
2019

Household dynamics in pastoral communities and implications for humanitarian aid interventions

Full citation: Flintan, F., Ebro, A., Balehegn, M., Aden, H., Disasa, H., Negasa, B., Assefa, A., Eba, B., Getahun, Y. and Mohammed, M. 2019. Household dynamics in pastoral communities and implications for humanitarian aid interventions. ILRI Discussion Paper 37. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Ethiopia
Creator:
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Year:
2019

Malawi Customary Land Act

An Act to provide for the management and administration of customary land and for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto.

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Malawi
Creator:
Government of Malawi
Year:
2016

Gender-based violence and environment linkages: The violence of inequality

Abstract: 

Rooted in discriminatory gender norms and laws and shrouded in impunity, gender-based violence (GBV) occurs in all societies as a means of control, subjugation and exploitation that further reinforces gender inequality. This publication establishes that these patterns of gender-based abuse are observed across environmental contexts, affecting the security and well-being of nations, communities and individuals, and jeopardising meeting sustainable development goals (SDGs). While linkages between GBV and environmental issues are complex and multi-layered, these threats to human rights and healthy ecosystems are not insurmountable. This analysis reveals the complex and interlinking nature of GBV across three main contexts: access to and control of natural resources; environmental pressure and threats; and environmental action to defend and conserve ecosystems and resources. This publication aims to raise awareness and engage actors working in environmental and sustainable development, gender equality, and GBV policymaking and programming spheres to inform rights-based, gender-responsive approaches to environmental policy, programmes and projects. 

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
IUCN Global Programme on Governance and Rights (GPGR)
Year:
2020