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Women’s Land Rights

Full citation: ActionAid International, "Women's Land Rights," ACTIONAID INTERNATIONAL DISCUSSION PAPER (March 2006).

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
ActionAid International
Year:
2006

Women’s Land Rights and Children’s Human Capital in Vietnam

Full citation: Menon, N., van der Meulen Rodgers, Y., and Nguyen, H. (2014). “Women’s Land Rights and Children’s Human Capital in Vietnam.” World Development, 54, 18-31. - Vietnam’s 1993 Land Law created a land market by granting households land-use rights which could be exchanged, leased, and mortgaged. Using a matched household sample from Vietnam’s 2004 and 2008 Household Living Standards Survey, this study analyzes whether land titling for women led to improvements in child health and education. Results from the land market indicate that female-only held land-use rights decreased the incidence of illness among children, increased their health insurance coverage, raised school enrollment, and reallocated household expenditures toward food and away from alcohol and tobacco. These effects were almost all stronger than in households with male-only or jointly-held land-use rights.
[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Vietnam
Creator:
Menon, N., van der Meulen Rodgers, Y., and Nguyen, H.
Year:
2014

Women’s land rights and gender justice in land governance: pillars in the promotion and protection of women’s human rights in rural areas

Full citation: International Land Coalition. (2013). “Women’s land rights and gender justice in land governance: pillars in the promotion and protection of women’s human rights in rural areas.” Synthesis of contributions by members, partners and individual experts in the International Land Coalition’s network to the e-consultation facilitated by GI-ESCR and IWRAW-AP. - While this document covers all categories of threats, the greatest emphasis is on “pervasive patriarchy, which creates legal, political and economic limitations to the advancement of women. Across the developing world, rural women suffer widespread gender-based discrimination in laws, customs and practices causing severe inequalities in their ability to access, control, own and use land and limiting their participation in decision-making at all levels of land governance. This synthesis of submissions resulting from a consultation, to which 19 members, partners and individual experts from the International Land Coalition’s network responded, highlights the threats to women’s legal and customary land rights. Contributors to the consultation emphasized the need to achieve de facto equality, the diversity of rural women and tenure, as well as the importance of women’s participation in land governance. The synthesis closes with specific recommendations to the CEDAW Committee to reaffirm women’s land rights as a fundamental human rights issue for rural women. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
International Land Coalition
Year:
2013

Women's land rights and social movements in the Brazilian agrarian reform

Full citation: Deere, C.D. (2003). “Women's land rights and social movements in the Brazilian agrarian reform.” Journal of Agrarian Change, 3 (1-2), pp 257-288. - This article examines the evolution of the demand for women's land rights in the Brazilian agrarian reform. Most of the credit for raising the issue of women's land rights rests with women within the rural unions, as a by–product of the effort to end discrimination against women in all its dimensions. The achievement of formal equality in land rights did not lead to increases in the share of female beneficiaries of the reform, which remained low in the mid–1990s. This was largely because securing women's land rights in practice was not a top priority of any of the rural social movements. Moreover, the main social movement determining the pace of the agrarian reform, the landless movement, considered class and gender issues to be incompatible. By the late 1990s, however, there was growing awareness that failure to recognize women's land rights was prejudicial to the development and consolidation of the agrarian reform settlements and thus the movement. The growing consensus among all the rural social movements of the importance of securing women's land rights, coupled with effective lobbying, encouraged the State in 2001 to adopt specific mechanisms for the inclusion of women in the agrarian reform. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Brazil
Creator:
Deere, C.D.
Year:
2003

Women's Land Rights Guide for Tanzania

This framework is intended to help you assess the current situation for women’s land rights in a specific country, state, or community.

Collection Type:
Practice Guides
Country:
Tanzania
Creator:
Duncan, J.
Year:
2015

Women's Land Rights in Rural China: Transforming Existing Laws into a Source of Property Rights

Full Citation: Liaw, R. H., "Women's Land Rights in Rural China: Transforming Existing Laws into a Source of Property Rights," 17(1) PACIFIC RIM LAW & POLICY JOURNAL 237 (2008). - In the aftermath of legal reforms designed to secure land tenure for farmers, women in rural China lost rights to land at marriage, divorce, and widowhood. Despite a central legal framework that facially protects women’s property interests, ambiguity in the property and marriage laws have allowed village leaders to reassert traditional social norms and deny constitutional equal rights guarantees for women. Recent attempts to ameliorate landlessness for women, specifically in the Rural Contract Law and the Property Law, offer little promise of providing a significant solution for rural women. New proposals to mitigate rural women’s loss of land rights must be framed in the cultural context of how social relations affect land rights. Legal reforms in rural China should focus on strengthening women’s property rights within marriage, as well as securing external rights to property. Women’s land tenure would be better protected under a more clearly defined community property regime that recognizes rural land contracts issued both prior to and during marriage as jointly possessed. Such measures would give women access to a legal platform at divorce or widowhood, when they are most likely to experience landlessness. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
China
Creator:
Liaw, R. H.
Year:
2008

Women's Land Rights in the Transition to Individualized Ownership: Implications for Tree Resource Management in Western Ghana

This study explores the impact of changes in land tenure institutions on women's land rights and the efficiency of tree resource management in Western Ghana. It finds that customary land tenure institutions have evolved toward individualized systems to provide incentives to invest in tree planting. However, contrary to the common belief that individualization of land tenure weakens women's land rights, these have been strengthened through inter vivos gifts and the practice of the Intestate Succession Law. Investment in tree planting, in turn, is affected not simply by the level of land tenure security, but also by its expected changes, as tree planting strengthens land tenure security. Cocoa yields are lower on allocated family land and rented land under share tenancy due to distorted work incentives. While men and women are equally likely to plant trees, women obtain lower yields on their cocoa plots, suggesting the presence of gender-specific constraints. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Ghana
Creator:
Quisumbing, A. et al
Year:
2001

Women's Land Rights in Uganda

This framework is intended to help you assess the current situation for women’s land rights in a specific country, state, or community.

Collection Type:
Practice Guides
Country:
Uganda
Creator:
Hannay, L.
Year:
2014

Women's Land Rights Toolkit

Information about 5 tools that have been successfully used by members of the International Land Coalition (ILC) to promote, protect and strengthen women’s land rights, intended to facilitate mutual learning based on good practices.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
International Land Coalition (ILC)
Year:
2016

Women's Land Tenure Framework for Analysis: Inheritance

This framework is intended to help you assess the current situation for women’s land rights in a specific country, state, or community. This framework looks at a single question: Can women inherit land?

Collection Type:
Practice Guides
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Giovarelli, R and Scalise, E.
Years:
2015, 2013

Women's Land Tenure Framework for Analysis: Land Rights

This framework is intended to help you assess the current situation for women’s land rights in a specific country, state, or community. This framework looks at a single issue: Women’s rights to property

Collection Type:
Practice Guides
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Giovarelli, R and Scalise, E.
Years:
2015, 2013

Women's Land Tenure Security: A Conceptual Framework

Full citation: Doss, C., & R. Meinzen-Dick. (2018). Women’s Land Tenure Security: A Conceptual Framework. Seattle, WA: Research Consortium.

Collection Type:
Legal Research Resources
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Doss, C., & R. Meinzen-Dick
Year:
2018

Women's Property and Inheritance Rights: Improving Lives in a Changing Time

Full citation: Steinzor, N., "Women's Property and Inheritance Rights: Improving Lives in a Changing Time" FINAL SYNTHESIS AND CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS PAPER (USAID and WIDtech 2003).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Namibia, Malawi, Kenya, Tanzania
Creator:
Steinzor, N.
Year:
2003

Women's Right to Land and Property

Full Citation: Benschop, M., "Women's Right to Land and Property," WOMEN IN HUMAN SETTLEMENTS DEVELOPMENT-CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES (Commission on Sustainable Development 2004).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Benschop, M.
Year:
2004

Women's Struggle to Secure Land Rights

Full Citation: Kimani, M., "Women's Struggle to Secure Land Rights," 22(1) AFRICA RENEWAL (April 2008).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Kimani, M.
Year:
2008