Displaying records 2201 - 2250 of 2343 in total
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Ghana Matrimonial Causes Act

This act governs divorce proceedings in Ghana.

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Ghana
Creator:
Government of Ghana
Year:
1971

Land Policy Reforms

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Deininger, K.
Year:
2005

Puerto Rico Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Puerto Rico
Creator:
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
Year:
1952

Women's Land Rights in Uganda

This framework is intended to help you assess the current situation for women’s land rights in a specific country, state, or community.

Collection Type:
Practice Guides
Country:
Uganda
Creator:
Hannay, L.
Year:
2014

Deeds and Misdeeds: Land Titling and Women's Rights in Tanzania

"This article draws on field research in different parts of Tanzania—the southern highlands, the central plateau, the shores of Lake Tanganyika, to the west, and the lush valley of Babati, in the northern region of Manyara—to examine the gendered outcomes of the land-formalization process. We present a number of specific case studies, involving women in varying social positions and land parcels of different value. Over the course of eight years, our team also investigated titling in some forty villages, assessing the certification data in the land registries of different districts.4 First, though, it may be helpful to set out some more general coordinates of land formalization."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Tanzania
Creator:
Askew, K. and Odgaard, R.
Year:
2019

USAID/Rwanda Gender and Social Inclusion Analysis Report

"The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)/Rwanda contracted Banyan Global to identify key gender and social inclusion advances, opportunities, inequalities, and constraints across Rwanda’s democracy and governance, economic growth, health, and education sectors. The findings and recommendations in this report offer insights to the USAID/Rwanda mission as it develops its 2020–2024 country development cooperation strategy (CDCS)."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Rwanda
Creator:
Banyan Global
Year:
2019

Where are the women? A review and conceptual framework for addressing gender equity in charcoal value chains in Sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract

The importance of the charcoal sector is growing rapidly in Sub-Saharan Africa. In addition to providing an affordable energy source for residents in the continent's growing urban centers, the charcoal value chain offers a critical income source for millions of people. Despite recent studies suggesting that women are taking on an increasing role in charcoal value chains, data and analysis on the role of women and the influence of gendered power relations in the often male-coded charcoal value chain have remained limited. This literature review interrogates the gender dynamics of participation and benefits across charcoal value chains in Sub-Saharan Africa. We find significant support for women's participation throughout value chains, thereby contrasting conventional views of charcoal as a male activity. However, while dynamics change between different contexts, women's participation tends to be significantly higher in retail, while women tend to constitute a minority in other parts of the value chain – often joining the sector in the absence of alternative livelihood opportunities. The review also finds that gender differences exist across various nodes in terms of the scope, nature and outcomes of participation. While significant regional differences exist, our study finds that participation and outcomes tend to generally be influenced by gender differences and inequalities in: 1) access to and control over productive resources and income; 2) social and political capital, and; 3) gender roles and responsibilities. Importantly, other axes of social differentiation, such as generation, marital status, wealth and social class, often intersect with gender relations in influencing outcomes. In addition to structuring the extent, nature and outcomes of women and men's participation, we argue that gender roles and relations may significantly influence the efficiency and sustainability of the charcoal value chain. Based on our findings, we call for placing gender at the core – rather than periphery – of charcoal value chain studies, and propose a conceptual framework for incorporating gender analysis in future value chain studies in the charcoal sector.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Ihalainen, M., Schure, J., and Sola, P.
Year:
2019

Household dynamics in pastoral communities and implications for humanitarian aid interventions

Full citation: Flintan, F., Ebro, A., Balehegn, M., Aden, H., Disasa, H., Negasa, B., Assefa, A., Eba, B., Getahun, Y. and Mohammed, M. 2019. Household dynamics in pastoral communities and implications for humanitarian aid interventions. ILRI Discussion Paper 37. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Ethiopia
Creator:
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Year:
2019

Malawi Land Act

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Malawi
Creator:
Government of Malawi
Years:
2016, 2003, 1965

Malawi Customary Land Act

An Act to provide for the management and administration of customary land and for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto.

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Malawi
Creator:
Government of Malawi
Year:
2016

The Perils of Widowhood

Collection Type:
News & Commentary
Country:
Multiple Countries, Nigeria, Cameroon, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania
Creator:
Goitom, H.
Year:
2012

Egypt Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Egypt
Creator:
Arab Republic of Egypt
Years:
2014, 1971

From Being Property of Men to Becoming Equal Owners? Early Impacts of Land Regulation and Certification of Women in Southern Ethiopia

Full citation: Holden, S. and Tefera, T., "From Being Property of Men to Becoming Equal Owners? Early Impacts of Land Regulation and Certification of Women in Southern Ethiopia," FINAL RESEARCH REPORT (UN-HABITAT and GLTN, January 2008). - Land certification has been implemented in Ethiopia since 1998 and over 5 million certificates have been delivered. This study in the Oromiya region (OR) and the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia, aims to assess the early impacts of land registration and certification that has been implemented there since 2004. Special emphasis is placed on the impacts of the reform on women, including the impacts of joint certification for husbands and wives. While the land laws first introduced in the Oromiya and SNNP regions in 2002 and 2003 stated that the husband could have his name on only one certificate, resistance caused a change such that certificates could be issued jointly to the husband and his wives, or the husband’s name could also be included below the name of his second and later wives, while he has his name first on the certificate with his first wife. The study finds that low-cost land reform in Southern Ethiopia has contributed to increase the perceptions of tenure security for both women and men. The women’s names on the land certificates increased the perception that the women would be able to keep the land after the divorce or death of their husband, with some differences among wives in polygamous households. The reform had limited impact on women’s ability to influence farm management, perhaps because of the prevalence of sharecropping. The study recommends that information dissemination, mobilisation and organisation of women’s group. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Ethiopia
Creator:
Holden, S. and Tefera, T.
Year:
2008

Rwanda Civil Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Rwanda
Creator:
Republic of Rwanda
Years:
1999, 1988

Delivering on Women Farmers’ Rights

Full citation: Euphrasia, A. (2015). “Delivering on Women Farmers’ Rights.” - This policy brief discusses the reasons that the situation for women smallholder farmers across Africa has not changed much in the past decade. It identifies four main barriers to women smallholder farmers’ participation: women’s access to and control of land; unpaid care work (childcare, household maintenance, etc.); women’s lack of access to finance and extension services offered by the state; and limited state investments in the agricultural sector. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Euphrasia, A.
Year:
2015