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Women and access to land and credit: discussions and key findings of the African Gender Development Index in Selected African Countries

Full citation: UNECA. (2007). “Women and access to land and credit: discussions and key findings of the African Gender Development Index in Selected African Countries,” June 2007, p.17. - In 2004, the African Centre for Gender and Social Development (ACGSD) launched AGDI, which provides a holistic perspective to gender (in)equality in Africa, consisting of three main areas: economic, social and political. This paper recommends that countries develop innovative strategies to address women’s equal access to land and credit directly and firmly in the economic policies. While countries have been active in developing gender policies, the approach does not have a long-term impact or maximum outreach if women’s access to resources is addressed in policies that target women only. Therefore, comprehensive mainstreaming strategies for inclusion of women need to be developed. In the case of land rights, despite the fact that much has been done already, women’s access to and control over land remains extremely low. This clearly indicates that the existing systems are not working to the full capacity or that they are not working at all. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
UNECA
Year:
2007

Women and Land: Securing Rights for Better Lives

Full citation: Budlender, D. and Alma, E., "Women and Land: Securing Rights for Better Lives," IDRC PAPERS (November 2011). - This book focuses on recent findings from sub Saharan Africa on women and land. It finds:
• Participation-oriented research methods are much more likely to bring about immediate benefits than other, more traditional research methods.
• Merely passing legislation is of little effect without the necessary resources for implementation, without informing and educating all relevant actors on the provisions of the legislation, without monitoring the reforms, and without effective sanctions on failure to implement.
• It is crucial both to consult and involve women when designing reforms and monitoring their implementation.
• Women’s access to land does not simply hinge on a choice between customary and statutory systems. Rather, we are faced with a more complex question of how the two systems interact and are used by different groups of women and men. The research also emphasizes the need to think about customary law as “living” and evolving.
• Addressing land injustices requires varied approaches that streamline and consolidate numerous land laws in a given country. It is vital to establish and maintain links among research, policy, practice, and people.
• The importance of providing teaching and training in a variety of disciplines for a young generation of women in Africa cannot be overstated.

[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Colombia, Pakistan, Malawi, Senegal, Cameroon
Creator:
Budlender, D. and Alma, E
Year:
2011

Women and Men in India (2012)

This document lists important constitutional and legal provisions for women in India and provides some useful statistics.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
India
Creator:
Ministry of Statistics
Year:
2012

Women and Pastoralism

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Chakrabarti, S., Rota, A. and Sperandini, S.
Year:
2012

Women, Donors and Land Administration: The Tanzania Case

Full citation: Pedersen, R. H. and Haule, S., "Women, Donors and Land Administration: The Tanzania Case," 19 DIIS WORKING PAPER (2013).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Tanzania
Creator:
Pedersen, R. H. and Haule, S.
Year:
2013

Women, Land, and Customary Law

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
South Africa
Creator:
Budlender, D., Mgweba, S., Motsepe, K. and Williams, L.
Year:
2011

Women, Land and Law in Vietnam

Full citation: Alvarado, G. et al. (2015). “Women, Land and Law in Vietnam.” ICRW.

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Vietnam
Creator:
Multiple Contributing Authors
Year:
2015

Women, Land and Sustainable Development

Full citation: Mehra, R., "Women, Land and Sustainable Development," 1 ICRW WORKING PAPER (1995).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Mehra, R.
Year:
1995

Women, Marriage and Asset Inheritance in Uganda

Full citation: Doss, C., Truong, M., Nabanoga, G. and Namaalwa, J., "Women, Marriage and Asset Inheritance in Uganda," 184 CPRC WORKING PAPER (Chronic Poverty Research Centre 2010). - The study uses a combination of qualitative and quantitative research. The first phase involved interviewing focus groups and key informants about assets held by men and women in the communities and on patterns of acquisition and social norms surrounding asset ownership and inheritance. The second phase was a household and intra-household survey. Life-history interviews were also conducted. The study found that many women gain access to land or ownership through their marital relationships. Both husbands and wives often indicate that land is owned jointly. However, rights over land differ for men and women, with women having fewer rights than men. Women do inherit land, both from their fathers and from their husbands, although it is much more common for men to inherit land. While women may successfully access land through their husbands, and may even claim ownership, these rights frequently depend on the stability of the marriage. Under most customary systems, a widow can claim land that belonged to her husband only if she has a son. The land will be inherited by the son, and the mother can continue to farm it until the son is grown-up and can claim it. Women without sons are at risk of losing access to the land, depending on their relationships with their husband’s family and the community. In spite of this arrangement, some widows have been able to maintain independent claims on land. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Uganda
Creator:
Doss, C., Truong, M., Nabanoga, G. and Namaalwa, J.
Year:
2011

Women Reclaim Our Seeds

Full citation:PANAP, "Women Reclaim Our Seeds," PANAP REPORT (2013).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Pakistan
Creator:
Pesticide Action Network Asia and Pacific (PANAP)
Year:
2013

Women’s Access to Land in Kenya

Full citation: Harrington, A., "Women's Access to Land in Kenya," 4(1) JUSTICE FOR THE POOR BRIEFING NOTE (The World Bank, January 2010).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Kenya
Creator:
Harrington, A.
Year:
2010

Women Second in the Land Agenda

Full citation: Jayoti Gupta, Women Second in the Land Agenda, ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL WEEKLY, May 4 2002

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
India
Creator:
Gupta, J.
Year:
2002

The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Guatemala, Bangladesh, Uganda
Creator:
Alkire, S., Meinzen-Dick, R., Peterman, A., Quisumbing, A. R., Seymour, G. and Vaz, A.
Year:
2012

Women's Inheritance Rights and Intergenerational Transmission of Resources in India

Full citation: Deininger, K., Goyal, A. and Nagarajan, H., "Women's Inheritance Rights and Intergenerational Transmission of Resources in India," 46 THE JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOUCES 2 (2013). - Using inheritance patterns over three generations of individuals, this study assesses the impact of changes in the Hindu Succession Act, which grant daughters equal coparcenary birth rights in joint family property, that were denied to daughters in the past. The study shows that the amendment significantly increased daughters’ likelihood to inherit land, but that even after the amendment, substantial bias persists. There were no detectable changes before the legal amendment, with a sharp increase in land bequests to daughters occurring only after HSAA became effective. The effect persists over time, showing a modest but significant upward trend, in line with a gradual pattern of dissemination and learning. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
India
Creator:
Deininger, K., Goyal, A. and Nagarajan, H.
Year:
2013