West Bengal Acquisition of Homestead Land for Agricultural Labourers, Artisans and Fisherman Act, 1975
- Collection Type:
- Legal Materials
- West Bengal State Government
This version is the law as amended through 1999.
This comprehensive manual covers the whole spectrum of activities of officals and functionaries at various levels of land and land reforms administration in West Bengal.
This version of the law includes amendments from 1951, 1955, 1957, and 1978.
This version of the law includes amendments up to 1999.
This act re-enacts the West Bengal Land (Requisition and Acquisition) Act, 1948.
This act includes amendments from 1953, 1974, 1976, and 1986.
This act replaces the West Bengal Premises Tenancy Act, 1956 (a copy of that act is below). This version includes amendments from 2002.
This act includes amendments from 1975, 1976, 1978, 1980, and 1981.
This document is related to the Land Acquisition Act, 1894.
The version here is the 2010 bill that was revised in 2011.
If this law passes it will amend the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and the Special Marriage Act, 1954
This version includes amendments through 2001.
Full Citation: Agarwal, B., "Are We Not Peasants Too? Land Rights and Women's Claims in India," SEEDS (The Population Council, Inc. 2002).
Full Citation: Agarwal, B., "Bargaining and Gender Relations: Within and Beyond the Household," FCND Discussion Paper No. 27 (IFPRI 1997).
Full Citation: Diarra, M., "Better Land Access for Women - Gathering Information and Sharing Lessons," Transitional Programme of Post-Conflict Reconstruction (Nov. 2010).
Full Citation: Brulé, R., "Black Market for Brides? NCAER Decentralization," Rural Governance and Inclusive Growth, Retrieved from http://www.ruralgov-ncaer.org/blogs/?p=172 (Mar. 2011).
Full Citation: Singh, K., "For a Fair Deal," 29(10) FRONTLINE (May-June 2012).
Full citation: Cheryl Doss, Carmen Diana Deere, Abena D. Oduro, Hema Swaminathan, Suchitra J. Y., Rahul Lahoti, W. Baah-Boateng, L. Boakye-Yiadom, Jackeline Contreras, Jennifer Twyman, Zachary Catanzarite, Caren Grown, and Marya Hillesland. The Gender Asset and Wealth Gaps: Evidence from Ecuador, Ghana, and Karnataka, India. Bangalore: Indian Institute of Management Bangalore. 2011.
Full Citation: Deininger, K., Goyal, A., and H. Nagarajan, Inheritance Law Reform and Women’s Access to Capital : Evidence from India’s Hindu Succession Act, (World Bank 2010).
Full Citation: Virdi, M., Land Rights' for Women: The Role of Village Commons - Strengthening Access, Control and Viability of Land Resources by Rural women in India (2005).
Full Citation: Lawyers Collective Women’s Rights Initiative, Mapping Women's Gains in Inheritance and Property Rights under the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 (n.d.).
Full Citation: Pandey, S., Property Rights of Indian Women (n.d.).
Full Citation: Carpano, F., Strengthening Women's Access to Land into IFAD projects: The Rwanda Experience (IFAD 2011).
Full Citation: Wang, H., et al, "To reallocate or not: Reconsidering the dilemma in China's agricultural land tenure policy," 28(4) LAND USE POLICY 805 (2011).
Full Citation: Whyte, M. K., "Introduction: Rural Economic Reforms and Chinese Family Patterns," 130 THE CHINA QUARTERLY 317 (1992).
Full Citation: Tan, Y., Hugo, G. and Potter, L., "Rural Women, Displacement and the Three Gorges Project," 36 DEVELOPMENT AND CHANGE 711 (2005).
Full Citation: Jacka, T., "Increasing Women's Participation in Village Government in China: Is It Worth It?" 40(4) CRITICAL ASIAN STUDIES 499 (2008).
Full Citation: Josefsson, E. and Aberg, P., "An Evaluation of the Land Laws in Tanzania," MASTER'S THESIS (Lulea University of Technology 2005).
Full Citation: Benschop, M., "Are Women's Equal Rights to Land, Housing and Property Implemented in East Africa?" UNHABITAT Report (April 2002).
Full Citation: Makwarimba, M. and Ngowi, P., "Making Land Investment Work for Tanzania: Scoping Assessment for Multi-stakehoder Dialogue Initiative," (Tanzania Natural Resource Forum, 2012).
Full Citation: Pedersen, R.H., "Tanzania's Land Law Reform: the Implementation Challenge," 37 DIIS Working Paper (2010).
These rules and regulations govern the customary court system in Liberia
Full citation: Vorley, B., Cotula, L. and Chan, M., "Tipping the Balance: Policies to Shape Agricultural Investments and Markets in Favour of Small-scale Farmers," IIED RESEARCH REPORT (IIED & Oxfam, December 2012).
Full citation: Crabtree-Condor, I. and Casey, L., "Lay of the Land: Improving Land Governance to Stop Land Grabs," ACTIONAID REPORT (October 2012).
Full citation: Mennen, T., "Strengthening Access to Land in Plural Tenure Systems," HAKI NETWORK REPORT (August 2012).
Full citation: Knox, A., Namubiru-Mwaura, E., and Hughes, A., "Customary Land Tenure in Liberia: Findings and Implications Drawn from 11 Case Studies," USAID REPORT (February 2012).
Full citation: FAO, "Governing Land for Women and Men: A Technical Guide to Support the Achievement of Responsible Gender-Equitable Governance Land Tenure," 1 GOVERNANCE OF TENURE TECHNICAL GUIDE (FAO 2013).
Full citation: Deere, C. D. and Leon, M., "Who Owns the Land? Gender and Land-Titling Programmes in Latin America," 1(3) JOURNAL OF AGRARIAN CHANGE 440 (July 2001). - The main focus of state intervention in Latin American agriculture in the 1990s was on land-titling programs, designed to promote security of tenure and enliven land markets. A review of seven of these projects suggests that they were often designed without sufficient attention to civil codes and marital regimes that protect women's property rights. They often ignored that a household's endowment of land may consist of three forms of property: the wife's, the husband's, and jointly owned property. By assuming that the family farm is owned by the male household head, these projects trampled upon women's ownership rights. Nonetheless, the share of female beneficiaries of land-titling projects has been much higher than the share of women adjudicated land under the agrarian reforms of previous decades. This is partly because the primary way that women acquire land is through inheritance, and inheritance appears to be more gender equitable than other manners of acquiring land. It is also due to the impact of the more gender-equitable agrarian legislation of the current period, itself a product of the impact of women's movements on the state. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]
Full citation: Landesa, "Land rights and food security. The linkages between secure land rights, women, and improved household food security and nutrition," LANDESA ISSUE BRIEF (March 2012).
Full citation: Budlender, D. and Alma, E., "Women and Land: Securing Rights for Better Lives," IDRC PAPERS (November 2011). - This book focuses on recent findings from sub Saharan Africa on women and land. It finds:
• Participation-oriented research methods are much more likely to bring about immediate benefits than other, more traditional research methods.
• Merely passing legislation is of little effect without the necessary resources for implementation, without informing and educating all relevant actors on the provisions of the legislation, without monitoring the reforms, and without effective sanctions on failure to implement.
• It is crucial both to consult and involve women when designing reforms and monitoring their implementation.
• Women’s access to land does not simply hinge on a choice between customary and statutory systems. Rather, we are faced with a more complex question of how the two systems interact and are used by different groups of women and men. The research also emphasizes the need to think about customary law as “living” and evolving.
• Addressing land injustices requires varied approaches that streamline and consolidate numerous land laws in a given country. It is vital to establish and maintain links among research, policy, practice, and people.
• The importance of providing teaching and training in a variety of disciplines for a young generation of women in Africa cannot be overstated.
[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]
Full citation: Behrman, J., Meinzen-Dick, R. and Quisumbing, A. R., "The Gender Implicationsof Large-Scale Land Deals" 17 IFPRI POLICY BRIEF (April 2011). - This article addresses the current information gap on the differential gender effects of large-scale land deals through an overview of the phases of large-scale land deals and discussion of related effects on rural men and women; a presentation of further evidence using several case studies on the gender effects of large-scale deals; and a conclusion that looks at knowledge gaps and areas for further research as well as broad recommendations for gender equitable large-scale land deals. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]
Full citation: World Bank, FAO & IFAD, "Gender Issues in Land Policy and Administration," MODULE 4 of GENDER IN AGRICULTURE SOURCEBOOK (October 2008).
Full citation: Izumi, K., "Gender-based violence and property-grabbing in Africa: a denial of women’s liberty and security" 15(1) GENDER & DEVELOPMENT (March 2007).
Full citation: Whitehead, A. and Tsikata, D., "Policy Discourses on Women’s Land Rights in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Implications of the Re-turn to the Customary ," 3(1-2) JOURNAL OF AGRARIAN CHANGE (2003).
Full citation: Hoza Ngoga, T., "Empowering women through land tenure reform: The Rwandan experience Source," UN WOMEN EXPERT PAPER (2012).
Full citation: Brown, J. and Uvuza, J., "Women’s Land Rights in Rwanda: How can they be protected and strengthened as the Land Law is implemented?" 123 RDI REPORT (September 2006).
Full citation: Rose, L., "Women’s Land Access in Post-Conflict Rwanda: Bridging the Gap Between Customary Land Law and Pending Land Legislation " 13(197) TEXAS JOURNAL OF WOMEN AND THE LAW 197 (2004).
Full citation: Rugadya, M., "Women's Rights to Productive Assets - Land: Lessons Learnt from Uganda," UN WOMEN EXPERT PAPER (2012).
Full citation: Garber, B., "Caught between Customary and State Law: Women's Land Rights in Uganda in the Context of Increasing Privatization of Land Tenure Systems" MA THESIS (University of Vienna May 2012).
Full citation: Doss, C., Truong, M., Nabanoga, G. and Namaalwa, J., "Women, Marriage and Asset Inheritance in Uganda," 184 CPRC WORKING PAPER (Chronic Poverty Research Centre 2010). - The study uses a combination of qualitative and quantitative research. The first phase involved interviewing focus groups and key informants about assets held by men and women in the communities and on patterns of acquisition and social norms surrounding asset ownership and inheritance. The second phase was a household and intra-household survey. Life-history interviews were also conducted. The study found that many women gain access to land or ownership through their marital relationships. Both husbands and wives often indicate that land is owned jointly. However, rights over land differ for men and women, with women having fewer rights than men. Women do inherit land, both from their fathers and from their husbands, although it is much more common for men to inherit land. While women may successfully access land through their husbands, and may even claim ownership, these rights frequently depend on the stability of the marriage. Under most customary systems, a widow can claim land that belonged to her husband only if she has a son. The land will be inherited by the son, and the mother can continue to farm it until the son is grown-up and can claim it. Women without sons are at risk of losing access to the land, depending on their relationships with their husband’s family and the community. In spite of this arrangement, some widows have been able to maintain independent claims on land. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]
Full citation: Adoko, J., Akin, J. and Knight, R. "Understanding and Strengthening Women’s Land Rights Under Customary Tenure in Uganda ," OXFAM REPORT (2011).
Full citation: COHRE and WLLA, "The Impact of National Land Policy and Land Reform on Women in Uganda," WLLA REPORT (October 2010).
Full citation: Immanuel, K.F., "Challenges and Opportunities for Women’s Land Rights in Post-Conflict Northern Uganda," 26 MICROCON RESEARCH WORKING PAPER (June 2010).
Full citation: Holden, S. and Tefera, T., "Land Registration in Ethiopia: Early Impacts on Women," UN-HABITAT REPORT (October 2008).
Full citation: Haldrup, K., "Mainstreaming Gender Issues in Land Administration: Awareness, Attention and Action," FIG XXII INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS PAPER (April 2002).
Full citation: Yngstrom, I. "Women, Wives and Land Rights in Africa: Situating Gender Beyond the Household in the Debate Over Land Policy and Changing Tenure Systems," 30(1) OXFORD DEVELOPMENT STUDIES 21 (February 2002).
Full citation: Paradza, G.G., "Innovations for Securing Women's Access to Land in East Africa," 13 ILC WORKING PAPER (March 2011).
Full citation: Walker, C., "Land Reform in Southern and Eastern Africa: Key Issues for strengthening Women’s Access to and Rights in Land," FAO DESKTOP STUDY REPORT (March 2002).
Full citation: RISD, "Impact of the Land Reform on the Land Rights and Economic Poverty Reduction of the Majority Rural especially Women who Depend on Land for their Livelihood," RWANDA CASE STUDY (March 2011).
Full citation: UNIFEM, "Women's Land and Property Rights in Situations of Conflict and Reconstruction: A READER Based on the February 1998 Inter-Regional Consultation in Kigali, Rwanda," UNIFEM PUBLICATION (2001).