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Accessing Justice: Models, Strategies and Best Practices on Women's Empowerment

Full citation: IDLO, "Accessing Justice: Models, Strategies and Best Practices on Women's Empowerment," IDLO REPORT (2013). - This paper highlights some of the challenges and solutions for women’s access to justice in diverse legal systems. It shows that women face structural and cultural barriers to accessing justice – insufficient knowledge of rights and remedies, illiteracy or poor literacy, and lack of resources or time to participate in justice processes. This is all the more so as women usually have intensive family responsibilities. Even where women can access the formal justice sector, the outcomes of the process often fall far short of those envisaged by international standards, particularly with regard to property rights, inheritance, divorce and child custody, and spousal abuse. Focusing on legal empowerment as a way to improve both access to justice and the quality of justice women receive, the study presents strategies and best practices in both formal and informal justice systems. Legal empowerment approaches share one core concept: using the law to enable disadvantaged groups to access justice and realize basic rights. They include legal education; legal aid services; support for non-discriminatory dispute resolution fora to complement or supplement informal systems; training of paralegals; and rights awareness. In considering whether such approaches can improve the quality of justice women receive, Accessing Justice brings together a number of IDLO-sponsored case studies in Afghanistan, India, Namibia, Rwanda, Mozambique, Tanzania, Morocco, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. These highlight a variety of lessons for development practitioners, both in terms of engagement with the informal legal sector and, more generally, for the use of legal empowerment and top-down / bottom-up strategies. In an appropriate context, carefully designed legal empowerment strategies may constitute a valuable contribution to improving women’s access to justice.
[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, Afghanistan, Namibia, Mozambique, Tanzania, Rwanda, India
Creator:
IDLO
Year:
2013

Beyond Ownership: Tracking progress on women’s land rights in Sub-Saharan Africa

Full citation: Slavchevska, V., De la O Campos, A. P., Brunelli, C., & Doss, C. (2017). Beyond Ownership: Tracking progress on women’s land rights in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Paper presented at the World Bank Land and Poverty Conference, Washington DC, March 20-24.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Slavchevska, V., De la O Campos, A. P., Brunelli, C., & Doss, C.
Year:
2017

A Conceptual Model of Women and Girls' Empowerment

BMGF White Paper by A. van Eerdewijk, F. Wong, C. Vaast, J. Newton, M. Tyszler, & A. Pennington

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Year:
2017

Delivering on Women Farmers’ Rights

Full citation: Euphrasia, A. (2015). “Delivering on Women Farmers’ Rights.” - This policy brief discusses the reasons that the situation for women smallholder farmers across Africa has not changed much in the past decade. It identifies four main barriers to women smallholder farmers’ participation: women’s access to and control of land; unpaid care work (childcare, household maintenance, etc.); women’s lack of access to finance and extension services offered by the state; and limited state investments in the agricultural sector. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Euphrasia, A.
Year:
2015

Economic Self-help Group Programs for Improving Women’s Empowerment: A Systematic review

Full citation: Brody C, De Hoop T, Vojtkova M, Warnock R, Dunbar M, Murthy P, Dworkin S. (2015). “Economic Self-help Group Programs for Improving Women’s Empowerment: A Systematic review.” Campbell Systematic Reviews 2015:19. - This review looks at the impacts of self-help groups with a broad range of collective finance, enterprise, and livelihood components on women’s political, economic, social, and psychological empowerment in low- and middle-income countries using evidence from rigorous quantitative evaluations. The secondary objective was to examine the perspectives of female participants on their experiences of empowerment as a result of participation in economic SHGs in low- and middle-income countries using evidence from high-quality qualitative evaluations. The study found that women’s economic SHGs have positive statistically significant effects on various dimensions of women’s empowerment, including economic, social and political empowerment, but no statistically significant effects of SHGs on psychological empowerment. The study also found no evidence of adverse effects, including no negative consequences regarding domestic violence. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Brody C, De Hoop T, Vojtkova M, Warnock R, Dunbar M, Murthy P, and Dworkin S.
Year:
2015

Empowering Widows: An Overview of policies and programmes in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka

Full citation: UN Women. (2014). “Empowering Widows: An Overview of policies and programmes in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka.”
- This paper finds that strengthening engagement with civil society in the implementation of government programs results in a more enabling environment for widows to claim services, including land rights. Focus group discussions in India and Nepal showed that widows who were a part of this collaborative effort were more articulate, confident and aware of their rights. This played an important role in helping them claim their entitlements, including land rights. In Sri Lanka, widows have been able to take advantage of government programs for capacity building and skills training due to the partnership between the government and the groups working with widows. In the process, many widows have become agents of change in their community. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Sri Lanka, Nepal, India
Creator:
UN Women
Year:
2014

Empowering Women: Legal Rights and Economic Opportunities in Africa

Full citation: Hallward-Driemeier, M. and Hasan, T. (2012). “Empowering Women: Legal Rights and Economic Opportunities in Africa.” Africa Development Forum Series, World Bank, Washington, DC. - This paper finds that out of forty-three African jurisdictions twenty-two formally recognize males as the head of the household, giving them sole discretion to represent the household and make household decisions. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Hallward-Driemeier, M. and Hasan, T.
Year:
2012

Ferghana Valley: Current Challenges

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Tajikistan, Kyrgyz Republic
Creator:
United Nations Development Fund for Womem (UNIFEM)
Year:
2005

A Field of One's Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia

Full citation: Agarwal, B. (1995). A Field of One’s Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Agarwal, B.
Year:
1995

Gender Action Learning (GAL)

Compendium of Most Significant Change (MSC) Stories from Mali, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Vietnam, and Cambodia.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Vietnam, Senegal, Multiple Countries, Mali, Ghana, Cambodia, Burkina Faso
Creator:
Oxfam
Year:
2019

Gender and Land: Good Practices and Lessons Learned from Four Millennium Challenge Corporation Compact Funded Land Projects

Full citation: Giovarelli, R., Hannay, L., Scalise, E., Richardson, A., Seitz, V. and Gaynor, R. (2015). “Gender and Land: Good Practices and Lessons Learned from Four Millennium Challenge Corporation Compact Funded Land Projects.” Landesa Center for Women’s Land Rights. - This paper looks at four MCC projects that involved titling land in Benin, Lesotho, Mali, and Namibia and how they ensured women’s rights to land were recognized. It finds that it is important to consider both formal and customary laws and provides examples of both; that it is important to identify all property rights holders, regardless of the overarching objectives of the project; that communication, education, and training activities are vital; and that donors play a key role in ensuring gender is considered in land documentation projects. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Mali, Benin, Lesotho, Namibia
Creator:
Giovarelli, R., Hannay, L., Scalise, E., Richardson, A., Seitz, V. and Gaynor, R.
Year:
2015

Gender Asset and Wealth Gaps Evidence from Ecuador, Ghana and Karnataka, India

Full citation: Cheryl Doss, Carmen Diana Deere, Abena D. Oduro, Hema Swaminathan, Suchitra J. Y., Rahul Lahoti, W. Baah-Boateng, L. Boakye-Yiadom, Jackeline Contreras, Jennifer Twyman, Zachary Catanzarite, Caren Grown, and Marya Hillesland. The Gender Asset and Wealth Gaps: Evidence from Ecuador, Ghana, and Karnataka, India. Bangalore: Indian Institute of Management Bangalore. 2011.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, India
Creator:
Doss, C., Deere, C.D., et al
Year:
2011

The gender asset gap: land in Latin America

Full citation: Deere, C. and Leon, M. (2003). “The gender asset gap: land in Latin America.” World Development, 31 (6), pp 925-947. - The gender asset gap in Latin America with respect to ownership of land is significant. In few countries do women constitute even one-quarter of the landowners. Gender inequality in land ownership is related to male preference in inheritance, male privilege in marriage, male bias in community and state programs of land distribution as well as gender bias in the land market, with women less likely than men to be successful buyers. But there are also important differences by gender in how land is acquired. Inheritance is the primary means by which most women become landowners; men are much more likely than women to acquire land through its distribution by communities or the state and via the market. Factors contributing toward a trend toward greater gender equity in land inheritance and in recent state programs are highlighted.
[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Deere, C. and Leon, M.
Year:
2003

Gender, Assets, and Agricultural Development: Lessons from Eight Projects

Full citation: Johnson, N. L., Kovarik, C., Meinzen-Dick, R., Njuki, J., & Quisumbing, A. (2016). Gender, Assets, and Agricultural Development: Lessons from Eight Projects. World Development, 83, 295–311.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Burkina Faso, Bangladesh, Mozambique, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, India
Creator:
Johnson, N. L., Kovarik, C., Meinzen-Dick, R., Njuki, J., & Quisumbing, A.
Year:
2016

Gender, assets, and market-oriented agriculture: learning from high-value crop and livestock projects in Africa and Asia

Full citation: Quisumbing, A.R., Rubin, D., Manfre, C., Waithanji, E., van den Bold, M., Olney, D., Johnson, N., et al. (2015). “Gender, assets, and market-oriented agriculture: learning from high-value crop and livestock projects in Africa and Asia.” Agriculture and Human Values. - This paper explores changes in gender relations and women’s assets in four agricultural interventions that promoted high value agriculture with different degrees of market-orientation. It finds that while projects can successfully involve women and increase production, income, and the stock of household assets, generally men’s incomes increased more than women’s and the gender-asset gap did not decrease. Some threats were gender- and asset-based barriers to participation in projects and gender norms that limit women’s ability to accumulate and retain control over assets (including land). Other targeted support to women farmers may also be needed to promote their acquisition of the physical assets required to expand production or enter other nodes of the value chain. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Multiple Contributing Authors
Year:
2015

Gender Equality as an Accelerator for Achieving the SDGs

"The evidence collected in this discussion paper shows that gender equality is critical to achieving a wide range of objectives pertaining to sustainable development. These include promoting economic growth and labour productivity, reducing poverty, enhancing human capital through health and education, attaining food security, addressing climate change impacts and strengthening resilience to disasters, and ensuring more peaceful and inclusive communities. It therefore argues that accelerating gender equality in all spheres of society leads to a more rapid increase in progress towards achieving the 2030 Agenda."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
UN Women
Year:
2018

Gender Evaluation Criteria for Large-Scale Land Tools

Full citation: GLTN, "Gender Evaluation Criteria for Large-Scale Land Tools," 2 GLTN BRIEF (UN-Habitat, 2012).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Brazil, Uganda
Creator:
Global Land Tool Network (GLTN)
Year:
2012

The gender implications of large-scale land deals

Full citation: Behrman, J., R. Meinzen-Dick, and A. Quisumbing. (2012). The gender implications of large-scale land deals. Journal of Peasant Studies 39(1): 49-79.

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Behrman, J., R. Meinzen-Dick, and A. Quisumbing
Year:
2012

Gender Inequalities in Ownership and Control of Land in Africa: Myths versus Reality

Full citation: Doss, C., Kovarik, C., Peterman, A., Quisumbing, A. and van den Bold, M., "Gender Inequalities in Ownership and Control of Land in Africa: Myths versus Reality," 01308 IFPRI DISCUSSION PAPER (December 2013).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Doss, C., Kovarik, C., Peterman, A., Quisumbing, A. and van den Bold, M.
Year:
2013

The Global Gender Gap Report

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Hausmann, R., Tyson, L. and Zahidi, S.
Years:
2011, 2010

Global Scaling up of Women’s Land Rights

Description: Gender Resource Facility in collaboration with Kadaster International, LANDac, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Oxfam Novib & Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation. November 18, 2016 Final Version for Dissemination to Participants of the Expert Meeting.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Giovarelli, R. and Scalise, E.
Year:
2016

Human Rights, Formalisation and Women's Land Rights in Southern and Eastern Africa

Full citation: Ikdahl, I et al., "Human Rights, Formalisation and Women’s Land Rights in Southern and Eastern Africa", 57 STUDIES IN WOMEN'S LAW, (University of Oslo, Norway 2005).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Mozambique, Kenya, Tanzania
Creator:
Ikdahl, I., Hellum, A., Kaarhus, R., Benjaminsen, T.A., and Kameri-Mbote, P.
Year:
2005

Improving Access to Land and Strengthening Women's land rights in Africa

Full citation: Odeny, M. (2013). “Improving Access to Land and Strengthening Women's land rights in Africa.” World Bank. - The need to improve access to land and strengthen women's land rights in Africa has elicited a lot of discussion with women's rights activists arguing for increased access and control over land and other productive resources. The paper examines inter-relations between women’s land rights and socio- economic development, peace and security and environmental sustainability in Africa. It goes on to highlight the impacts of the discrimination against women with regard to access, control and ownership of land and identifies promising practices related to strengthening women’s land rights with possible benchmarks and indicators to track progress made in strengthening women’s land rights in the context of the implementation of the AU Declaration on land. It concludes by providing concrete recommendations on how to further promote dialogue, advocacy, partnerships and capacity development in support of women’s land rights in Africa. This paper is as a result of a study commissioned by AU-ECA-AfDB Land Policy Initiative (LPI) which is implementing a 5- year Strategic Plan and Roadmap to assist member states in the implementation of the AU Declaration on land issues and challenges in Africa, in accordance with the Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa in order to achieve socio-economic development, peace and security, and environmental sustainability. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Odeny, M.
Year:
2013

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting with Women Approach

A Starting with Women Toolkit - Full citation: Hannay, L., & Scalise, E. (2014). “Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting with Women Approach.” - This paper discusses a pragmatic, adaptive framework and approach for understanding and taking action to strengthen women’s land tenure security in the context of customary tenure in northern Uganda. The project team developed a Women’s Land Rights Framework (“Framework”), which provided a specific definition of secure land rights. The Framework defines secure land rights in terms of five elements, which each serves as the basis for distinct, measurable indicators upon which to base the project assessment, design, and evaluation. This paper presents the Framework and suggests its potential as an analytical foundation for assessing the security of land rights, for designing projects or developing policies that protect and strengthen women’s land rights, and for evaluating the effectiveness of such policies or projects.
[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Hannay, L., and Scalise, E.
Year:
2014

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 1)

Tool One; Job Description, provides sample criteria for Community Based Facilitators (CBFs) who will work with women, groups, and communities.  It is important that these CBFs be selected carefully.  This sample job description outlines the core duties of CBFs in order to hire the best candidates.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 2)

Tool Two, a two-part self assessment, should form the basis for training and supporting Community Based Facilitators (CBFs).  It assesses each CBF's work experience, experience with the communities, and understanding of gender and social dynamics regarding land and resources in the community.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 3)

Tool Three, Sample Logic Framework, is linked to the Sample Baseline Survey and Assessment (Tool Four), and provides sample outcomes and indicators to measure women's land tenure security.  The framework should be amended based on context and should be developed after initial qualitative research on land and resource security for women.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 4)

Tool Four, Sample Baseline Survey and Assessment, forms part of a robust Monitoring and Evaluation plan, and should be conducted with both project participants and a control group. Questions should be tailored to the particular project context.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 5)

Tool Five is a guide to conducting a needs assessment to form the basis for curriculum development and  engagement. This example focuses on understanding the land and resource tenure situation and women’s experiences of tenure.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 7)

Tool Seven is a template for group meeting minutes, which should be kept by the groups themselves where feasible and should be recorded by CBFs. This template also includes guidance for using journals for ongoing monitoring and evaluation.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 8)

Tool Eight - a template that includes suggestions for how to easily chart out a plan for implementation, including common methods for engagement.  This implementation plan begins after the activities of identifying and hiring Community Based Facilitators, identifying project participants, and conducting the baseline and needs assessment.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 9)

Tool Nine -Action Points for Groups includes group work to identify problems and aspirations, ask for confirmation, amendment, or addition, and identify action points is next. Two samples of action points and a blank table are part of this tool.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Innovations in land rights recognition, administration, and governance

Full citation: Deininger, K., Augustinus, C., Enemark, S., and Munro-Faure, P. (Eds.) (2010). “Innovations in land rights recognition, administration, and governance.” World Bank Publications. - This paper brings together a variety of studies on land rights. Chapter 4 in particular focuses on efforts to improve tenure security. One study in India examines whether changes in inheritance legislation impact the socioeconomic status of females, and found that when daughters were granted coparcenary birthrights in joint family property denied to daughters in the past, the amendment significantly increased the probability of females inheriting land. However, even after the passage of the amendment, significant bias against females persists. Another study in Ethiopia assesses the effects on the allocative efficiency of the land rental market of the low-cost approach to land registration and certification of restricted property rights that were implemented in Ethiopia from the late 1990s. Four rounds of balanced household panel data collected from 16 villages in northern Ethiopia are used. After controlling for endogeneity of land certification and unobserved household heterogeneity affecting land market participation, it was found that land certification enhanced land rental market participation of female landlord households. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Ethiopia, India
Creator:
Deininger, K., Augustinus, C., Enemark, S., and Munro-Faure, P.
Year:
2010

Intimate Partner Violence and Land Toolkit

This toolkit from USAID "addresses activities and projects that USAID staff may design to strengthen and secure land tenure, property rights and land governance in rural, peri-urban and urban areas. The Toolkit is one of several gender-based violence (GBV) Toolkits that USAID has developed to address concerns related to GBV in other sectors including, but not limited to, Economic Growth, Energy and Infrastructure, Monitoring and Evaluation and the Rule of Law."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
USAID
Year:
2017

Is gender an important factor influencing user groups' property rights and forestry governance? Empirical analysis from East Africa and Latin America

Full citation: Sun, Y., Mwangi, E. & Meinzen-Dick, R. (2011). “Is gender an important factor influencing user groups’ property rights and forestry governance? Empirical analysis from East Africa and Latin America.” International Forestry Review, Vol. 13 (2), pp. 205 – 219. - This article explores the effects that gender composition of forest user groups has on property rights and forestry governance, based on data from 290 forest user groups in Kenya, Uganda, Bolivia, and Mexico. It finds that while female-dominated groups tend to have more property rights to trees and bushes, and collect more fuelwood but less timber than do male-dominated or gender-balanced groups, gender-balanced groups participate more in forestry decision-making and are more likely to have exclusive use of forests. Female-dominated groups participate less, sanction less, and exclude less. It’s therefore important to gain better understanding of the dynamics of mixed-gender groups, including the nature and types of cooperation among males and females when determining what kind of group-based intervention to pursue. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Sun, Y., Mwangi, E. & Meinzen-Dick, R.
Year:
2011

Key Points and Conclusions from the Women's Land Rights Research Consortium Expert Group Meeting

This Synthesis Report covers key points and gaps identified in the annotated bibliography, research themes and questions, which were discussed with and supplemented by the expert group. It also includes a list of other observations made at the expert group meeting related to laying the foundation for the Research Consortium as it begins activities and provides an overview of the communications assessment and needs uncovered in the participant survey and in subsequent discussion by the expert group.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Scalise, E.
Year:
2016

Land Inequality Framing Document

International Land Coalition (ILC) Land Inequality Research Initiative - Paper 1

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Wegerif, M. and Guereña, A.
Year:
2019

Land Tenure Reform and Gender Equality

Full citation: Razavi, S., "Land Tenure Reform and Gender Equality," 4 UNRISD RESEARCH AND POLICY BRIEF (January 2006).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Razavi, S.
Year:
2006

Land Tenure Rights for Women Under Customary Law

Full citation: Benbih, K. and Katz, J. (2014). “Land Tenure Rights for Women Under Customary Law.” - This paper highlights women’s rights issues in accessing land under dual systems. The goal is to make the knowledge resulting from the use of a platform, such as the Global Housing Policy Indicators (GHI), accessible on an open source to all land specialists, NGOs, policy makers, governmental agencies, as well as a global audience, including women around the world. The cases presented illustrate various difficulties to secure land tenure for women. The GHI assessment tool finds first hand evidence of the discrepancies between constitutional laws that are mostly gender neutral and the set of unspoken social norms or customary laws that discriminate against women, by way of practices restricting women’s ability to own, inherit or individually use land. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Armenia, Colombia, Indonesia, Uganda
Creator:
Benbih, K. and Katz, J.
Year:
2014