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Accessing Justice: Models, Strategies and Best Practices on Women's Empowerment

Full citation: IDLO, "Accessing Justice: Models, Strategies and Best Practices on Women's Empowerment," IDLO REPORT (2013). - This paper highlights some of the challenges and solutions for women’s access to justice in diverse legal systems. It shows that women face structural and cultural barriers to accessing justice – insufficient knowledge of rights and remedies, illiteracy or poor literacy, and lack of resources or time to participate in justice processes. This is all the more so as women usually have intensive family responsibilities. Even where women can access the formal justice sector, the outcomes of the process often fall far short of those envisaged by international standards, particularly with regard to property rights, inheritance, divorce and child custody, and spousal abuse. Focusing on legal empowerment as a way to improve both access to justice and the quality of justice women receive, the study presents strategies and best practices in both formal and informal justice systems. Legal empowerment approaches share one core concept: using the law to enable disadvantaged groups to access justice and realize basic rights. They include legal education; legal aid services; support for non-discriminatory dispute resolution fora to complement or supplement informal systems; training of paralegals; and rights awareness. In considering whether such approaches can improve the quality of justice women receive, Accessing Justice brings together a number of IDLO-sponsored case studies in Afghanistan, India, Namibia, Rwanda, Mozambique, Tanzania, Morocco, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. These highlight a variety of lessons for development practitioners, both in terms of engagement with the informal legal sector and, more generally, for the use of legal empowerment and top-down / bottom-up strategies. In an appropriate context, carefully designed legal empowerment strategies may constitute a valuable contribution to improving women’s access to justice.
[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, Afghanistan, Namibia, Mozambique, Tanzania, Rwanda, India
Creator:
IDLO
Year:
2013

Cultivating Women’s Rights for Access to Land

Full citation: Hatcher, J., Meggiolaro, L. and Ferrer, C.S., "Cultivating Women's Rights for Access to Land," ACTIONAID AND INTERNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY NETWORK COUNTRY ANALYSIS REPORT (October 2005).

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
Multiple Countries, Vietnam, Burkina Faso, Afghanistan, Guatemala, Bangladesh, Malawi, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Ghana, Uganda
Creator:
Hatcher, J., Meggiolaro, L. and Ferrer, C.S.
Year:
2005

Empowering Widows: An Overview of policies and programmes in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka

Full citation: UN Women. (2014). “Empowering Widows: An Overview of policies and programmes in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka.”
- This paper finds that strengthening engagement with civil society in the implementation of government programs results in a more enabling environment for widows to claim services, including land rights. Focus group discussions in India and Nepal showed that widows who were a part of this collaborative effort were more articulate, confident and aware of their rights. This played an important role in helping them claim their entitlements, including land rights. In Sri Lanka, widows have been able to take advantage of government programs for capacity building and skills training due to the partnership between the government and the groups working with widows. In the process, many widows have become agents of change in their community. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Sri Lanka, Nepal, India
Creator:
UN Women
Year:
2014

Empowering Women: Legal Rights and Economic Opportunities in Africa

Full citation: Hallward-Driemeier, M. and Hasan, T. (2012). “Empowering Women: Legal Rights and Economic Opportunities in Africa.” Africa Development Forum Series, World Bank, Washington, DC. - This paper finds that out of forty-three African jurisdictions twenty-two formally recognize males as the head of the household, giving them sole discretion to represent the household and make household decisions. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Hallward-Driemeier, M. and Hasan, T.
Year:
2012

Forum News

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Burma, Multiple Countries, Papua New Guinea, Nepal, Cambodia
Creator:
Multiple Contributing Authors
Year:
2012

Gender and Law: Women's Rights in Agriculture

Full citation: Cotula, L., "Gender and Law: Women's Rights in Agriculture," 76 FAO LEGISLATIVE STUDY (January 2007).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Cotula, L.
Year:
2007

Gender and Property Rights within Postconflict Situations

Full citation:Lastarria-Cornhiel, S., "Gender and Property Rights within Postconflict Situation," 12 USAID ISSUE PAPER (April 2005).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Afghanistan, Guatemala, Rwanda
Creator:
Lastarria-Cornhiel, S.
Year:
2005

Gender Issues in Land Policy and Administration

Full citation: World Bank, FAO & IFAD, "Gender Issues in Land Policy and Administration," MODULE 4 of GENDER IN AGRICULTURE SOURCEBOOK (October 2008).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
World Bank, FAO, and IFAD
Year:
2008

Gender, Property Rights and Livelihoods in the Era of AIDS

Full citation: Carpano, F., Izumi, K. and Mathieson, K., "Gender, Property Rights and Livelihoods in the Era of AIDS," FAO TECHNICAL CONSULTATION PROCEEDINGS REPORT (November 2007).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Mozambique, Kenya, Uganda
Creator:
Carpano, F., Izumi, K. and Mathieson, K.
Year:
2007

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting with Women Approach

A Starting with Women Toolkit - Full citation: Hannay, L., & Scalise, E. (2014). “Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting with Women Approach.” - This paper discusses a pragmatic, adaptive framework and approach for understanding and taking action to strengthen women’s land tenure security in the context of customary tenure in northern Uganda. The project team developed a Women’s Land Rights Framework (“Framework”), which provided a specific definition of secure land rights. The Framework defines secure land rights in terms of five elements, which each serves as the basis for distinct, measurable indicators upon which to base the project assessment, design, and evaluation. This paper presents the Framework and suggests its potential as an analytical foundation for assessing the security of land rights, for designing projects or developing policies that protect and strengthen women’s land rights, and for evaluating the effectiveness of such policies or projects.
[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Hannay, L., and Scalise, E.
Year:
2014

Indigenous Peoples and local communities land rights toolkit

"This toolkit gathers together information on ten tools that have been successfully used by members of the International Land Coalition (ILC) to promote, protect and strengthen indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ land rights. It is intended to facilitate mutual learning based on the good practices of specific ILC members."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
International Land Coalition (ILC)
Year:
2019

Key Points and Conclusions from the Women's Land Rights Research Consortium Expert Group Meeting

This Synthesis Report covers key points and gaps identified in the annotated bibliography, research themes and questions, which were discussed with and supplemented by the expert group. It also includes a list of other observations made at the expert group meeting related to laying the foundation for the Research Consortium as it begins activities and provides an overview of the communications assessment and needs uncovered in the participant survey and in subsequent discussion by the expert group.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Scalise, E.
Year:
2016