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Mutual Effects of Land Distribution and Economic Development: Evidence from Asia, Africa, and Latin America

"The general objective of this paper is to explore the nexus between land distribution and economic development. The specific objectives are to: (i) identify which land distribution programs/activities contribute to economic development; (ii) investigate the role of stakeholders in land distribution programs that affect the growth of productivity; and (iii) assess the deficiencies of current land distribution policies in Asia, Africa, and Latin America to explore how economic development theories contribute to decreasing income inequality. "

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Azadi, H. and Vanhaute, E.
Year:
2019

State of Land Rights and Land Governance in Eight Asian Countries

"Taking off from previous initiatives of the Land Watch Asia Campaign, this book discusses key issues in access to land and tenurial security for small farmers, rural women, indigenous peoples and other rural sectors in eight Asian countries. It also analyses the mechanisms needed for responsible land governance and the resolution of growing land conflicts."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Asian NGO Coalition (ANGOC)
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 1)

Tool One; Job Description, provides sample criteria for Community Based Facilitators (CBFs) who will work with women, groups, and communities.  It is important that these CBFs be selected carefully.  This sample job description outlines the core duties of CBFs in order to hire the best candidates.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 2)

Tool Two, a two-part self assessment, should form the basis for training and supporting Community Based Facilitators (CBFs).  It assesses each CBF's work experience, experience with the communities, and understanding of gender and social dynamics regarding land and resources in the community.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 3)

Tool Three, Sample Logic Framework, is linked to the Sample Baseline Survey and Assessment (Tool Four), and provides sample outcomes and indicators to measure women's land tenure security.  The framework should be amended based on context and should be developed after initial qualitative research on land and resource security for women.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 4)

Tool Four, Sample Baseline Survey and Assessment, forms part of a robust Monitoring and Evaluation plan, and should be conducted with both project participants and a control group. Questions should be tailored to the particular project context.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 5)

Tool Five is a guide to conducting a needs assessment to form the basis for curriculum development and  engagement. This example focuses on understanding the land and resource tenure situation and women’s experiences of tenure.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 7)

Tool Seven is a template for group meeting minutes, which should be kept by the groups themselves where feasible and should be recorded by CBFs. This template also includes guidance for using journals for ongoing monitoring and evaluation.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 9)

Tool Nine -Action Points for Groups includes group work to identify problems and aspirations, ask for confirmation, amendment, or addition, and identify action points is next. Two samples of action points and a blank table are part of this tool.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 8)

Tool Eight - a template that includes suggestions for how to easily chart out a plan for implementation, including common methods for engagement.  This implementation plan begins after the activities of identifying and hiring Community Based Facilitators, identifying project participants, and conducting the baseline and needs assessment.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Starting With Women: Findings from Implementation with Artisanal Miners in Karamoja, Uganda

This brief details a project that implemented the Starting With Women (SWW) approach with three mining associations in one district in Karamoja in the northern part of Uganda from 2018-2019. It describes the context of the project, how the SWW approach was adapted to that context, and key initial results. It draws primarily from the project's Baseline Study Report, Mid-Term Review Brief, and Endline Study Report.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Uganda
Creator:
Richardson, A.
Year:
2019

Indigenous Peoples and local communities land rights toolkit

"This toolkit gathers together information on ten tools that have been successfully used by members of the International Land Coalition (ILC) to promote, protect and strengthen indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ land rights. It is intended to facilitate mutual learning based on the good practices of specific ILC members."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
International Land Coalition (ILC)
Year:
2019

Understanding Gender Relations in the Land Discourse

Compiled and edited by Sunila Singh & Vidya Bhushan Rawat

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Bangladesh, Nepal, Multiple Countries, Indonesia, India, Cambodia
Creator:
International Land Coalition (ILC)
Year:
2019

Violence Against Women and Girls Resource Guide: Land Sector Brief

"This brief highlights the intersections between land programs/projects and violence against women and girls (VAWG) while providing recommendations for policy, institutional and community level interventions that may address VAWG or the underlying norms and attitudes that contribute to the use of violence against women.  We hope Task Teams take time to read this short brief, along with the resource guide introduction.  We hope to see more project related activities or components related to the prevention or response to VAWG within our land operations in the future and hope this resource give you a starting point for considering this development challenge affecting 1/3rd of women worldwide."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG)
Year:
2019

Frameworks, tools, and approaches for the assessment of rangeland governance

Full citation: Frija, A., M. Sghaier, B. Dhehibi and M. Fetoui. 2019. Frameworks, tools, and approaches for the assessment of rangeland governance. Tools & Guidelines. Tunis, Tunisia: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Tunisia
Creator:
Frija, A., Sghaier, M., Dhehibi, B., and M. Fetoui
Year:
2019

Respecting Land and Forest Rights: A Guide for Companies

Support for aligning your operations with the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Interlaken Group and the Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI)
Year:
2019

Land Inequality Framing Document

International Land Coalition (ILC) Land Inequality Research Initiative - Paper 1

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Wegerif, M. and Guereña, A.
Year:
2019

Papua New Guinea: Seeking Gender Equity in Distribution of Mining Benefits to Communities

One of three Women, Land, and Mining Case Studies.  These individual case studies, summarized together in a separate synthesis report, represent diverse geographies, different scales of mining, different political and cultural contexts, differing project funding sources, a range of stages in the mining lifecycle, and diverse project approaches. They each contain more detail than the overarching synthesis report.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Papua New Guinea
Creator:
Scalise, E.
Year:
2019

Strategies for Incorporating Gender into Savings Groups: CSR and the Yanacocha Mine in Peru

One of three Women, Land, and Mining Case Studies.  These individual case studies, summarized together in a separate synthesis report, represent diverse geographies, different scales of mining, different political and cultural contexts, differing project funding sources, a range of stages in the mining lifecycle, and diverse project approaches. They each contain more detail than the overarching synthesis report.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Peru
Creator:
Richardson, A.
Year:
2019

Côte d'Ivoire Inclusive Development Approach Creates the Space for Women to Benefit from Artisanal Mining

One of three Women, Land, and Mining Case Studies.  These individual case studies, summarized together in a separate synthesis report, represent diverse geographies, different scales of mining, different political and cultural contexts, differing project funding sources, a range of stages in the mining lifecycle, and diverse project approaches. They each contain more detail than the overarching synthesis report.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Côte d'Ivoire
Creator:
Rugadya, M. A.
Year:
2019

Deeds and Misdeeds: Land Titling and Women's Rights in Tanzania

"This article draws on field research in different parts of Tanzania—the southern highlands, the central plateau, the shores of Lake Tanganyika, to the west, and the lush valley of Babati, in the northern region of Manyara—to examine the gendered outcomes of the land-formalization process. We present a number of specific case studies, involving women in varying social positions and land parcels of different value. Over the course of eight years, our team also investigated titling in some forty villages, assessing the certification data in the land registries of different districts.4 First, though, it may be helpful to set out some more general coordinates of land formalization."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Tanzania
Creator:
Askew, K. and Odgaard, R.
Year:
2019

Where are the women? A review and conceptual framework for addressing gender equity in charcoal value chains in Sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract

The importance of the charcoal sector is growing rapidly in Sub-Saharan Africa. In addition to providing an affordable energy source for residents in the continent's growing urban centers, the charcoal value chain offers a critical income source for millions of people. Despite recent studies suggesting that women are taking on an increasing role in charcoal value chains, data and analysis on the role of women and the influence of gendered power relations in the often male-coded charcoal value chain have remained limited. This literature review interrogates the gender dynamics of participation and benefits across charcoal value chains in Sub-Saharan Africa. We find significant support for women's participation throughout value chains, thereby contrasting conventional views of charcoal as a male activity. However, while dynamics change between different contexts, women's participation tends to be significantly higher in retail, while women tend to constitute a minority in other parts of the value chain – often joining the sector in the absence of alternative livelihood opportunities. The review also finds that gender differences exist across various nodes in terms of the scope, nature and outcomes of participation. While significant regional differences exist, our study finds that participation and outcomes tend to generally be influenced by gender differences and inequalities in: 1) access to and control over productive resources and income; 2) social and political capital, and; 3) gender roles and responsibilities. Importantly, other axes of social differentiation, such as generation, marital status, wealth and social class, often intersect with gender relations in influencing outcomes. In addition to structuring the extent, nature and outcomes of women and men's participation, we argue that gender roles and relations may significantly influence the efficiency and sustainability of the charcoal value chain. Based on our findings, we call for placing gender at the core – rather than periphery – of charcoal value chain studies, and propose a conceptual framework for incorporating gender analysis in future value chain studies in the charcoal sector.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Ihalainen, M., Schure, J., and Sola, P.
Year:
2019

Household dynamics in pastoral communities and implications for humanitarian aid interventions

Full citation: Flintan, F., Ebro, A., Balehegn, M., Aden, H., Disasa, H., Negasa, B., Assefa, A., Eba, B., Getahun, Y. and Mohammed, M. 2019. Household dynamics in pastoral communities and implications for humanitarian aid interventions. ILRI Discussion Paper 37. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Ethiopia
Creator:
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Year:
2019

Property rights, intersectionality, and women's empowerment in Nepal

Full citation: Pradhan, R., Meinzen-Dick, R., & S. Theis, "Property rights, intersectionality, and women's empowerment in Nepal," JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES (July 2019).

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
Nepal
Creator:
Pradhan, R., Meinzen-Dick, R., & S. Theis
Year:
2019