Property Grabbing from Ugandan Widows and the Justice System: A mixed-methods assessment in Mukono County, Uganda
- Collection Type:
- International Justice Mission (IJM)
This paper was prepared for the Government of the Republic of Uganda.
Full citation: UN Women. (2014). “Empowering Widows: An Overview of policies and programmes in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka.”
- This paper finds that strengthening engagement with civil society in the implementation of government programs results in a more enabling environment for widows to claim services, including land rights. Focus group discussions in India and Nepal showed that widows who were a part of this collaborative effort were more articulate, confident and aware of their rights. This played an important role in helping them claim their entitlements, including land rights. In Sri Lanka, widows have been able to take advantage of government programs for capacity building and skills training due to the partnership between the government and the groups working with widows. In the process, many widows have become agents of change in their community. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]
Full citation: Ubink, J.M. (2011). “Towards Customary Legal Empowerment in Namibia: Enhancing gender equality in customary justice systems.” International Development Law Organisation. - In Namibia, national authorities have made various interventions aimed at enhancing the functioning of customary law and traditional leadership. These efforts include both the creation of institutional linkages as well as community-based activities. One issue has been the position of women under customary law, and especially the fact that widows often have no rights to their deceased husbands’ lands. At a workshop, the traditional leaders present unanimously decided that widows should not be chased from their lands or out of their homes and that they should not be asked to pay again for the land. The president of the country was also a proponent of the change. This research found that this statement led to positive change. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]
Centre For Health Ethics Law and Development
Full citation: Dillon, B., & Voena, A. (2017). Inheritance Customs and Agricultural Investment (January 18, 2017).
The Civil Code of Ethiopia is divided into five separate books. All five are included here.
This document includes the Marriage Act; Births and Deaths Registration Act; Legitimacy Act; Juveniles Act; Adoption Act; Maintenance Orders Act; Maintenance Orders (Enforcement) Act; Deceased Brother's Widow's Marriage Act; Administrator-General Act; Intestate Succession Act; Wills and Administration of Testate Estates Act; Probates (Resealing) Act; Administration of Estates (Trust Corporations) Act; Trusts Restriction Act; Affiliation and Maintenance of Children Act; and the Persons with Disabilities Act
This toolkit from USAID "addresses activities and projects that USAID staff may design to strengthen and secure land tenure, property rights and land governance in rural, peri-urban and urban areas. The Toolkit is one of several gender-based violence (GBV) Toolkits that USAID has developed to address concerns related to GBV in other sectors including, but not limited to, Economic Growth, Energy and Infrastructure, Monitoring and Evaluation and the Rule of Law."
"This brief highlights the intersections between land programs/projects and violence against women and girls (VAWG) while providing recommendations for policy, institutional and community level interventions that may address VAWG or the underlying norms and attitudes that contribute to the use of violence against women. We hope Task Teams take time to read this short brief, along with the resource guide introduction. We hope to see more project related activities or components related to the prevention or response to VAWG within our land operations in the future and hope this resource give you a starting point for considering this development challenge affecting 1/3rd of women worldwide."
Full citation: Deininger, K., Goyal, A. and Nagarajan, H., "Women's Inheritance Rights and Intergenerational Transmission of Resources in India," 46 THE JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOUCES 2 (2013). - Using inheritance patterns over three generations of individuals, this study assesses the impact of changes in the Hindu Succession Act, which grant daughters equal coparcenary birth rights in joint family property, that were denied to daughters in the past. The study shows that the amendment significantly increased daughters’ likelihood to inherit land, but that even after the amendment, substantial bias persists. There were no detectable changes before the legal amendment, with a sharp increase in land bequests to daughters occurring only after HSAA became effective. The effect persists over time, showing a modest but significant upward trend, in line with a gradual pattern of dissemination and learning. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]
A Landesa paper that "explores the legal complexities related to inheritance of agricultural land by women in India."
Full citation: Paradza, G.G., "Differentiation of Women's Land Tenure Security in South Africa," 12 ILC WORKING PAPER (March 2011).
Rooted in discriminatory gender norms and laws and shrouded in impunity, gender-based violence (GBV) occurs in all societies as a means of control, subjugation and exploitation that further reinforces gender inequality. This publication establishes that these patterns of gender-based abuse are observed across environmental contexts, affecting the security and well-being of nations, communities and individuals, and jeopardising meeting sustainable development goals (SDGs). While linkages between GBV and environmental issues are complex and multi-layered, these threats to human rights and healthy ecosystems are not insurmountable. This analysis reveals the complex and interlinking nature of GBV across three main contexts: access to and control of natural resources; environmental pressure and threats; and environmental action to defend and conserve ecosystems and resources. This publication aims to raise awareness and engage actors working in environmental and sustainable development, gender equality, and GBV policymaking and programming spheres to inform rights-based, gender-responsive approaches to environmental policy, programmes and projects.