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West Bengal Premises Tenancy Act, 1997

This act replaces the West Bengal Premises Tenancy Act, 1956 (a copy of that act is below). This version includes amendments from 2002.

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
India
Creator:
West Bengal State Government
Years:
2012, 1956

Indian Forest Act

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
India
Creator:
India
Years:
2017, 2012, 2006, 1927

For a Fair Deal

Full Citation: Singh, K., "For a Fair Deal," 29(10) FRONTLINE (May-June 2012).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
India
Creator:
Singh, K.
Year:
2012

India Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
India
Creator:
India's Ministry of Law and Justice
Years:
2012, 2011

Gender Asset and Wealth Gaps Evidence from Karnataka

Full Citation: Swaminathan, H. et al., "Gender Asset and Wealth Gaps: Evidence from Karnataka," 35 ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL WEEKLY (Sept. 2012).

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
India
Creator:
Swaminathan, H., Lahoti, R., and Suchitra J Y
Year:
2012

Towards Achieving Equal Rights in Marriage

Full Citation: Singh, K., "Towards Achieving Equal Rights in Marriage," 24 ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL WEEKLY (June 2012).

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
India
Creator:
Singh, K.
Year:
2012

Policy reform toward gender equality in Ethiopia

Full citation: Kumar, N. and Quisumbing, A., "Policy Reform toward Gender Equality in Ethiopia" 1226 IFPRI DISCUSSION PAPER (November 2012). - Using data from the Ethiopian Rural Household Survey (ERHS), the study shows how two seemingly unrelated reforms—community-based land registration, undertaken since 2003, and changes in the Family Code implemented in 2000—may have created conditions that reinforce each other in improving gender equity. Specifically, the analysis finds (among other things) impacts of the land registration effort on the evolution of perceptions of the distribution of assets upon divorce. The study found that awareness about the land registration process is positively correlated with the shift in perceptions toward equal division of land and livestock upon divorce, particularly for wives in male-headed households. The presence of female members in the Land Administration Committee also had a positive effect on the shift in perceptions toward a more equal distribution of assets upon divorce. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Ethiopia
Creator:
Kumar, N. and Quisumbing, A. R.
Year:
2012

Lay of the Land: Improving Land Governance to Stop Land Grabs

Full citation: Crabtree-Condor, I. and Casey, L., "Lay of the Land: Improving Land Governance to Stop Land Grabs," ACTIONAID REPORT (October 2012).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Crabtree-Condor, I. and Casey, L.
Year:
2012

Brazil Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Brazil
Creator:
Republic of Brazil
Years:
2015, 2014, 2012

Haiti Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Haiti
Creator:
Republic of Haiti
Years:
2012, 1987

Gender Evaluation Criteria for Large-Scale Land Tools

Full citation: GLTN, "Gender Evaluation Criteria for Large-Scale Land Tools," 2 GLTN BRIEF (UN-Habitat, 2012).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Brazil, Uganda
Creator:
Global Land Tool Network (GLTN)
Year:
2012

Bahrain Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Bahrain
Creator:
Kingdom of Bahrain
Years:
2012, 2002

Pakistan Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Pakistan
Creator:
National Assembly of Pakistan
Years:
2012, 1973

Syria Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Syrian Arab Republic
Creator:
Syrian Arab Republic
Years:
2012, 1973

Burkina Faso Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Burkina Faso
Creator:
Government of Burkina Faso
Years:
2012, 1991

Kenya Land Act

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Kenya
Creator:
Republic of Kenya
Year:
2012

Libya Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Libya
Creator:
Government of Libya
Years:
2012, 2011

Mauritania Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Mauritania
Creator:
Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Years:
2012, 1991

Somalia Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Somalia
Creator:
Federal Republic of Somalia
Year:
2012

South Africa Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
South Africa
Creator:
Republic of South Africa
Years:
2012, 1996

Zambia Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Zambia
Creator:
Republic of Zambia
Years:
2012, 2009, 1991

Czech Republic Civil Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Czech Republic
Creator:
Czech Republic
Years:
2012, 1988

Italy Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Italy
Creator:
Italian Republic
Years:
2012, 1948

Austria Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Austria
Creator:
Republic of Austria
Years:
2013, 2012

Belgium Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Belgium
Creator:
Government of Belgium
Years:
2012, 1994

Property Rights and the Gender Distribution of Wealth in Ecuador, Ghana and India

Full citation: Deere, C. D., Oduro, A., Swaminathan, H. and Doss, C., "Property Rights and the Gender Distribution of Wealth in Ecuador, Ghana and India," 13 GENDER ASSET GAP PROJECT WORKING PAPER (August 2012). - This paper finds that basic property rights are insufficient, for much depends upon the legal and cultural regimes related to marriage and inheritance. Drawing upon household asset surveys which collected individual level ownership data in Ecuador, Ghana and the state of Karnataka in India, it estimates married women’s share of couple wealth and relate it to whether major household assets are owned individually or jointly during the marriage as well as to different inheritance regimes and practices. In Ecuador, married women own 44 percent, in Ghana, 19 percent, and in Karnataka, nine percent of couple wealth. Ecuador is characterized by the partial community property regime in marriage while inheritance laws provide for all children, irrespective of sex, to be treated equally, rules that are largely followed in practice. In contrast, Ghana and India are characterized by the separation of property regime which does not recognize wives’ contribution to the formation of marital property, and by inheritance practices that are strongly male biased. Reforming marital and inheritance regimes must remain a top priority in many regions of the world if gender economic equality is to be attained. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Ecuador, Ghana, India
Creator:
Deere, C. D., Oduro, A., Swaminathan, H. and Doss, C.
Year:
2012

Assets, Wealth and Spousal Violence: Insights from Ecuador and Ghana

Full citation: Oduro, A., Deere, C. D., and Catanzarite, Z., "Assets, Wealth and Spousal Violence: Insights from Ecuador and Ghana," 12 GENDER ASSET GAP PROJECT WORKING PAPER (August 2012).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Ecuador, Ghana
Creator:
Oduro, A., Deere, C. D., and Catanzarite, Z.
Year:
2012