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Albania Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Albania
Creator:
Republic of Albania
Year:
2008

Algeria Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Algeria
Creator:
People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Years:
2008, 1996

Bhutan Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Bhutan
Creator:
Royal Government of Bhutan
Year:
2008

Burkina Faso Agrarian and Land Reorganization

There are two versions of this law here: the 1984 law and a version with a 2008 amendment.

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Burkina Faso
Creator:
Government of Burkina Faso
Years:
2008, 1984

Cambodia Civil Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Cambodia
Creator:
Government of Cambodia
Years:
2011, 2008

Cameroon Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Cameroon
Creator:
Republic of Cameroon
Years:
2008, 1996

France Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
France
Creator:
French Republic
Years:
2008, 1958

From Being Property of Men to Becoming Equal Owners? Early Impacts of Land Regulation and Certification of Women in Southern Ethiopia

Full citation: Holden, S. and Tefera, T., "From Being Property of Men to Becoming Equal Owners? Early Impacts of Land Regulation and Certification of Women in Southern Ethiopia," FINAL RESEARCH REPORT (UN-HABITAT and GLTN, January 2008). - Land certification has been implemented in Ethiopia since 1998 and over 5 million certificates have been delivered. This study in the Oromiya region (OR) and the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia, aims to assess the early impacts of land registration and certification that has been implemented there since 2004. Special emphasis is placed on the impacts of the reform on women, including the impacts of joint certification for husbands and wives. While the land laws first introduced in the Oromiya and SNNP regions in 2002 and 2003 stated that the husband could have his name on only one certificate, resistance caused a change such that certificates could be issued jointly to the husband and his wives, or the husband’s name could also be included below the name of his second and later wives, while he has his name first on the certificate with his first wife. The study finds that low-cost land reform in Southern Ethiopia has contributed to increase the perceptions of tenure security for both women and men. The women’s names on the land certificates increased the perception that the women would be able to keep the land after the divorce or death of their husband, with some differences among wives in polygamous households. The reform had limited impact on women’s ability to influence farm management, perhaps because of the prevalence of sharecropping. The study recommends that information dissemination, mobilisation and organisation of women’s group. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Ethiopia
Creator:
Holden, S. and Tefera, T.
Year:
2008

Gender Issues in Land Policy and Administration

Full citation: World Bank, FAO & IFAD, "Gender Issues in Land Policy and Administration," MODULE 4 of GENDER IN AGRICULTURE SOURCEBOOK (October 2008).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
World Bank, FAO, and IFAD
Year:
2008

Gender, social capital and information exchange in rural Uganda

Full citation: Katungi, E., Edmeades, S., and Smale, M. (2008). Gender, social capital and information exchange in rural Uganda. J. Int. Dev., 20: 35–52. - Established social structures, such as grassroots associations, have contributed to efforts at agricultural development in rural areas. By disaggregating the analysis by the gender of the household head, the study provides a detailed assessment of how differences among male and female heads of households influence information diffusion in rural areas. Results support the premise that social capital significantly influences information exchange among rural households, with evidence of gender disparities in the process. Female heads of households appear to be disadvantaged in their access to information related to agricultural technologies. Local associations have a higher effect among female heads of households while social institutions have a higher effect among male heads of households. An important implication from this result for outreach programs is that different forms of social capital may need to be accounted for in development programs. The results provide support for group-based approaches in technology dissemination. Since both male and female heads of household have the same propensity to join associations, this type of social capital should be encouraged. Strategies that promote gender heterogeneous groups may have a greater impact on information diffusion. Formal extension activity in the village stimulates information exchange, particularly among women that head households.

Finally, the direction of information exchange is also of policy relevance. Both informal and formal mechanisms for information dissemination appear to have a significant impact on a two-way information sharing. This warrants support for formal extension programs and community associations as two complementary mechanisms for information diffusion in rural areas. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Uganda
Creator:
Katungi, E., Edmeades, S., and Smale, M.
Year:
2008

Ghana Chieftaincy Act

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Ghana
Creator:
Parliament of the Republic of Ghana
Year:
2008

Greece Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Greece
Creator:
Hellenic Parliament
Year:
2008

The Indian Legal System

Collection Type:
Legal Research Resources
Country:
India
Creator:
Srikrishna, B. N.
Year:
2008

Kenya Marriage Act

This record includes previous versions of the law and proposed bills. The current version of the law that is in force is the Marriage Act (2014).

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Kenya
Creator:
Government of Kenya
Years:
2014, 2013, 2012, 2008

Kosovo Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Kosovo
Creator:
Government of Kosovo
Year:
2008