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Beyond Ownership: Tracking progress on women’s land rights in Sub-Saharan Africa

Full citation: Slavchevska, V., De la O Campos, A. P., Brunelli, C., & Doss, C. (2017). Beyond Ownership: Tracking progress on women’s land rights in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Paper presented at the World Bank Land and Poverty Conference, Washington DC, March 20-24.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Slavchevska, V., De la O Campos, A. P., Brunelli, C., & Doss, C.
Year:
2017

Can Government-Allocated Land Contribute to Food Security?

Full citation: Santos, F., Fletschner, D., Savath, V., & Peterman, A. (2013). “Can Government-Allocated Land Contribute to Food Security?” IFPRI Discussion Paper, December 2013.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
India
Creator:
Santos, F., Fletschner, D., Savath, V., & Peterman, A.
Year:
2013

A Conceptual Model of Women and Girls' Empowerment

BMGF White Paper by A. van Eerdewijk, F. Wong, C. Vaast, J. Newton, M. Tyszler, & A. Pennington

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Year:
2017

Drivers of change in gender norms: An annotated bibliography

"This annotated bibliography highlights selected texts on drivers of change in gender norms.  It summarises some texts that outline recent thinking on social norms and that apply this analysis to understanding why inequitable gender norms persist and when they change.  The work concentrates on large-scale drivers of gender norm change, such as economic change, education, communications, legal change, social and political mobilisation and conflict, rather than on project-based experience."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Marcus, R., Page, E., Calder, R., & Foley, C.
Year:
2014

A Field of One's Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia

Full citation: Agarwal, B. (1995). A Field of One’s Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Agarwal, B.
Year:
1995

From Being Property of Men to Becoming Equal Owners? Early Impacts of Land Regulation and Certification of Women in Southern Ethiopia

Full citation: Holden, S. and Tefera, T., "From Being Property of Men to Becoming Equal Owners? Early Impacts of Land Regulation and Certification of Women in Southern Ethiopia," FINAL RESEARCH REPORT (UN-HABITAT and GLTN, January 2008). - Land certification has been implemented in Ethiopia since 1998 and over 5 million certificates have been delivered. This study in the Oromiya region (OR) and the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia, aims to assess the early impacts of land registration and certification that has been implemented there since 2004. Special emphasis is placed on the impacts of the reform on women, including the impacts of joint certification for husbands and wives. While the land laws first introduced in the Oromiya and SNNP regions in 2002 and 2003 stated that the husband could have his name on only one certificate, resistance caused a change such that certificates could be issued jointly to the husband and his wives, or the husband’s name could also be included below the name of his second and later wives, while he has his name first on the certificate with his first wife. The study finds that low-cost land reform in Southern Ethiopia has contributed to increase the perceptions of tenure security for both women and men. The women’s names on the land certificates increased the perception that the women would be able to keep the land after the divorce or death of their husband, with some differences among wives in polygamous households. The reform had limited impact on women’s ability to influence farm management, perhaps because of the prevalence of sharecropping. The study recommends that information dissemination, mobilisation and organisation of women’s group. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Ethiopia
Creator:
Holden, S. and Tefera, T.
Year:
2008

Gender and Land: Good Practices and Lessons Learned from Four Millennium Challenge Corporation Compact Funded Land Projects

Full citation: Giovarelli, R., Hannay, L., Scalise, E., Richardson, A., Seitz, V. and Gaynor, R. (2015). “Gender and Land: Good Practices and Lessons Learned from Four Millennium Challenge Corporation Compact Funded Land Projects.” Landesa Center for Women’s Land Rights. - This paper looks at four MCC projects that involved titling land in Benin, Lesotho, Mali, and Namibia and how they ensured women’s rights to land were recognized. It finds that it is important to consider both formal and customary laws and provides examples of both; that it is important to identify all property rights holders, regardless of the overarching objectives of the project; that communication, education, and training activities are vital; and that donors play a key role in ensuring gender is considered in land documentation projects. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Mali, Benin, Lesotho, Namibia
Creator:
Giovarelli, R., Hannay, L., Scalise, E., Richardson, A., Seitz, V. and Gaynor, R.
Year:
2015

The gender asset gap: land in Latin America

Full citation: Deere, C. and Leon, M. (2003). “The gender asset gap: land in Latin America.” World Development, 31 (6), pp 925-947. - The gender asset gap in Latin America with respect to ownership of land is significant. In few countries do women constitute even one-quarter of the landowners. Gender inequality in land ownership is related to male preference in inheritance, male privilege in marriage, male bias in community and state programs of land distribution as well as gender bias in the land market, with women less likely than men to be successful buyers. But there are also important differences by gender in how land is acquired. Inheritance is the primary means by which most women become landowners; men are much more likely than women to acquire land through its distribution by communities or the state and via the market. Factors contributing toward a trend toward greater gender equity in land inheritance and in recent state programs are highlighted.
[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Deere, C. and Leon, M.
Year:
2003

Gender, Assets, and Agricultural Development: Lessons from Eight Projects

Full citation: Johnson, N. L., Kovarik, C., Meinzen-Dick, R., Njuki, J., & Quisumbing, A. (2016). Gender, Assets, and Agricultural Development: Lessons from Eight Projects. World Development, 83, 295–311.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Burkina Faso, Bangladesh, Mozambique, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, India
Creator:
Johnson, N. L., Kovarik, C., Meinzen-Dick, R., Njuki, J., & Quisumbing, A.
Year:
2016

Gender-based violence and environment linkages: The violence of inequality

Abstract: 

Rooted in discriminatory gender norms and laws and shrouded in impunity, gender-based violence (GBV) occurs in all societies as a means of control, subjugation and exploitation that further reinforces gender inequality. This publication establishes that these patterns of gender-based abuse are observed across environmental contexts, affecting the security and well-being of nations, communities and individuals, and jeopardising meeting sustainable development goals (SDGs). While linkages between GBV and environmental issues are complex and multi-layered, these threats to human rights and healthy ecosystems are not insurmountable. This analysis reveals the complex and interlinking nature of GBV across three main contexts: access to and control of natural resources; environmental pressure and threats; and environmental action to defend and conserve ecosystems and resources. This publication aims to raise awareness and engage actors working in environmental and sustainable development, gender equality, and GBV policymaking and programming spheres to inform rights-based, gender-responsive approaches to environmental policy, programmes and projects. 

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
IUCN Global Programme on Governance and Rights (GPGR)
Year:
2020

The gender implications of large-scale land deals

Full citation: Behrman, J., R. Meinzen-Dick, and A. Quisumbing. (2012). The gender implications of large-scale land deals. Journal of Peasant Studies 39(1): 49-79.

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Behrman, J., R. Meinzen-Dick, and A. Quisumbing
Year:
2012

Global Scaling up of Women’s Land Rights

Description: Gender Resource Facility in collaboration with Kadaster International, LANDac, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Oxfam Novib & Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation. November 18, 2016 Final Version for Dissemination to Participants of the Expert Meeting.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Giovarelli, R. and Scalise, E.
Year:
2016

Guide to Organizing and Working with Community-based Paralegals

"This manual is intended to be a practical learning aid and helpful reference guide for community-based paralegals and organizations running community-based paralegal programs."

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Namati
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 1)

Tool One; Job Description, provides sample criteria for Community Based Facilitators (CBFs) who will work with women, groups, and communities.  It is important that these CBFs be selected carefully.  This sample job description outlines the core duties of CBFs in order to hire the best candidates.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 2)

Tool Two, a two-part self assessment, should form the basis for training and supporting Community Based Facilitators (CBFs).  It assesses each CBF's work experience, experience with the communities, and understanding of gender and social dynamics regarding land and resources in the community.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 3)

Tool Three, Sample Logic Framework, is linked to the Sample Baseline Survey and Assessment (Tool Four), and provides sample outcomes and indicators to measure women's land tenure security.  The framework should be amended based on context and should be developed after initial qualitative research on land and resource security for women.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 4)

Tool Four, Sample Baseline Survey and Assessment, forms part of a robust Monitoring and Evaluation plan, and should be conducted with both project participants and a control group. Questions should be tailored to the particular project context.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 5)

Tool Five is a guide to conducting a needs assessment to form the basis for curriculum development and  engagement. This example focuses on understanding the land and resource tenure situation and women’s experiences of tenure.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 7)

Tool Seven is a template for group meeting minutes, which should be kept by the groups themselves where feasible and should be recorded by CBFs. This template also includes guidance for using journals for ongoing monitoring and evaluation.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 8)

Tool Eight - a template that includes suggestions for how to easily chart out a plan for implementation, including common methods for engagement.  This implementation plan begins after the activities of identifying and hiring Community Based Facilitators, identifying project participants, and conducting the baseline and needs assessment.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Improving Land Tenure Security for Women: A Starting With Women Approach Toolkit (Tool 9)

Tool Nine -Action Points for Groups includes group work to identify problems and aspirations, ask for confirmation, amendment, or addition, and identify action points is next. Two samples of action points and a blank table are part of this tool.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Richardson, A., Scalise, E., Kamusiime, H. & L. Hannay
Year:
2019

Inheritance Customs and Agricultural Investment

Full citation: Dillon, B., & Voena, A. (2017). Inheritance Customs and Agricultural Investment (January 18, 2017).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Zambia
Creator:
Dillon, B., & Voena, A.
Year:
2017