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China Marriage Law

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
China
Creator:
National People's Congress
Years:
2003, 2001, 1998

Belize Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Belize
Creator:
Government of Belize
Years:
2001, 2000

Vietnam Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Vietnam
Creator:
Vietnamese Government
Years:
2001, 1992

Yemen Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Yemen
Creator:
Republic of Yemen
Years:
2001, 1991

Botswana Marriage Law

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Botswana
Creator:
Republic of Botswana
Year:
2001

Cambodia Land Law

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Cambodia
Creator:
National Assembly of Cambodia
Year:
2001

Mongolia Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Mongolia
Creator:
Government of Mongolia
Years:
2001, 1992

Senegal Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Senegal
Creator:
Republic of Senegal
Years:
2009, 2001

Gambia Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
The Gambia
Creator:
Government of The Gambia
Years:
2004, 2001

Uganda Land Act

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Uganda
Creator:
Republic of Uganda
Years:
2010, 2004, 2001, 1998

Zimbabwe Marriage Act

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Zimbabwe
Creator:
Republic of Zimbabwe
Year:
2001

Moldova Land Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Moldova
Creator:
Republic of Moldova
Year:
2001

Comoros Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Comoros
Creator:
Union of the Comoros
Years:
2009, 2001

Djibouti Family Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Djibouti
Creator:
Republic of Djibouti
Year:
2001

Guinea Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Guinea
Creator:
Republic of Guinea
Years:
2010, 2001

Lesotho Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Lesotho
Creator:
Kingdom of Lesotho
Years:
2001, 1998

Northern Ireland Family Law Act

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
Creator:
Parliament
Year:
2001

Mali Pastoral Charter

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Mali
Creator:
Government of Mali
Year:
2001

Madagascar Penal Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Madagascar
Creator:
Government of Madagascar
Year:
2001

Mali Law Governing the Condominium Real Estate

This Act applies to property ownership, divided and undivided and modalities for the establishment and management condominiums.

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Mali
Creator:
Government of Mali
Year:
2001

Ukraine Land Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Ukraine
Creator:
Parliament of Ukraine
Year:
2001

Slovakia Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Slovakia
Creator:
Government of Slovakia
Year:
2001

Who Owns the Land? Gender and Land-Titling Programmes in Latin America

Full citation: Deere, C. D. and Leon, M., "Who Owns the Land? Gender and Land-Titling Programmes in Latin America," 1(3) JOURNAL OF AGRARIAN CHANGE 440 (July 2001). - The main focus of state intervention in Latin American agriculture in the 1990s was on land-titling programs, designed to promote security of tenure and enliven land markets. A review of seven of these projects suggests that they were often designed without sufficient attention to civil codes and marital regimes that protect women's property rights. They often ignored that a household's endowment of land may consist of three forms of property: the wife's, the husband's, and jointly owned property. By assuming that the family farm is owned by the male household head, these projects trampled upon women's ownership rights. Nonetheless, the share of female beneficiaries of land-titling projects has been much higher than the share of women adjudicated land under the agrarian reforms of previous decades. This is partly because the primary way that women acquire land is through inheritance, and inheritance appears to be more gender equitable than other manners of acquiring land. It is also due to the impact of the more gender-equitable agrarian legislation of the current period, itself a product of the impact of women's movements on the state. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries
Creator:
Deere, C. D. and Leon, M.
Year:
2001

Women's Land Rights in the Transition to Individualized Ownership: Implications for Tree Resource Management in Western Ghana

This study explores the impact of changes in land tenure institutions on women's land rights and the efficiency of tree resource management in Western Ghana. It finds that customary land tenure institutions have evolved toward individualized systems to provide incentives to invest in tree planting. However, contrary to the common belief that individualization of land tenure weakens women's land rights, these have been strengthened through inter vivos gifts and the practice of the Intestate Succession Law. Investment in tree planting, in turn, is affected not simply by the level of land tenure security, but also by its expected changes, as tree planting strengthens land tenure security. Cocoa yields are lower on allocated family land and rented land under share tenancy due to distorted work incentives. While men and women are equally likely to plant trees, women obtain lower yields on their cocoa plots, suggesting the presence of gender-specific constraints. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Ghana
Creator:
Quisumbing, A. et al
Year:
2001