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Human Rights, Formalisation and Women's Land Rights in Southern and Eastern Africa

Full citation: Ikdahl, I et al., "Human Rights, Formalisation and Women’s Land Rights in Southern and Eastern Africa", 57 STUDIES IN WOMEN'S LAW, (University of Oslo, Norway 2005).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Mozambique, Kenya, Tanzania
Creator:
Ikdahl, I., Hellum, A., Kaarhus, R., Benjaminsen, T.A., and Kameri-Mbote, P.
Year:
2005

Legal Empowerment in Practice: Using Legal Tools to Secure Land Rights in Africa

Full citation: Cotula, L. and Mathieu, P., "Legal Empowerment in Practice: Using Legal Tools to Secure Land Rights in Africa," IIED & FAO REPORT (May 2008).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda
Creator:
Cotula, L. and Mathieu, P.
Year:
2008

Gender, Property Rights and Livelihoods in the Era of AIDS

Full citation: Carpano, F., Izumi, K. and Mathieson, K., "Gender, Property Rights and Livelihoods in the Era of AIDS," FAO TECHNICAL CONSULTATION PROCEEDINGS REPORT (November 2007).

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Mozambique, Kenya, Uganda
Creator:
Carpano, F., Izumi, K. and Mathieson, K.
Year:
2007

UN Women: Changing Lives in Africa 2012

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Ethiopia, Senegal, Cameroon, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Tanzania, Rwanda
Creator:
Multiple Contributing Authors
Year:
2012

Topic Guide: Land

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Mozambique, Rwanda
Creator:
Locke, A. and Henley, G.
Year:
2014

Gender, Assets, and Agricultural Development: Lessons from Eight Projects

Full citation: Johnson, N. L., Kovarik, C., Meinzen-Dick, R., Njuki, J., & Quisumbing, A. (2016). Gender, Assets, and Agricultural Development: Lessons from Eight Projects. World Development, 83, 295–311.

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Burkina Faso, Bangladesh, Mozambique, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, India
Creator:
Johnson, N. L., Kovarik, C., Meinzen-Dick, R., Njuki, J., & Quisumbing, A.
Year:
2016

Prindex: Comparative Report

Collection Type:
Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Madagascar, Cote d'Ivoire, Thailand, Burkina Faso, Honduras, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Liberia, Peru, Namibia, Senegal, Cameroon, Zambia, Mozambique, Rwanda
Creator:
Prindex
Year:
2018

Cultivating Women’s Rights for Access to Land

Full citation: Hatcher, J., Meggiolaro, L. and Ferrer, C.S., "Cultivating Women's Rights for Access to Land," ACTIONAID AND INTERNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY NETWORK COUNTRY ANALYSIS REPORT (October 2005).

Collection Type:
Citations
Country:
Multiple Countries, Vietnam, Burkina Faso, Afghanistan, Guatemala, Bangladesh, Malawi, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Ghana, Uganda
Creator:
Hatcher, J., Meggiolaro, L. and Ferrer, C.S.
Year:
2005

Cameroon Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Cameroon
Creator:
Republic of Cameroon
Years:
2008, 1996

Mozambique Constitution

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Mozambique
Creator:
Republic of Mozambique
Years:
2007, 2004

Mozambique Family Law

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Mozambique
Creator:
Republic of Mozambique
Year:
2004

Mozambique Civil Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Mozambique
Creator:
Republic of Mozambique
Year:
2004

Mozambique Land Law Legislation

This collection includes the Land Law and Land Law Regulations.

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Mozambique
Creator:
MozLegal Lda
Year:
2004

Congo (Democratic Republic of) Family Code

The Family Code is divided into five books: Nationality, The Person, The Family, Inheritance and Estates, Amendments and Repealed Provisions.

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Creator:
Government of the DRC
Year:
Unknown

Mozambique Land Law

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Mozambique
Creator:
Government of Mozambique
Year:
1997

Cameroon Civil code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Cameroon
Creator:
Government of Cameroon
Year:
2005

Cameroon Penal Code

Collection Type:
Legal Materials
Country:
Cameroon
Creator:
Government of Cameroon
Year:
1967

Conflict in Congo

Collection Type:
News & Commentary
Country:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Creator:
Camm, M.
Year:
2011

The Perils of Widowhood

Collection Type:
News & Commentary
Country:
Multiple Countries, Nigeria, Cameroon, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania
Creator:
Goitom, H.
Year:
2012

Women and Land: Securing Rights for Better Lives

Full citation: Budlender, D. and Alma, E., "Women and Land: Securing Rights for Better Lives," IDRC PAPERS (November 2011). - This book focuses on recent findings from sub Saharan Africa on women and land. It finds:
• Participation-oriented research methods are much more likely to bring about immediate benefits than other, more traditional research methods.
• Merely passing legislation is of little effect without the necessary resources for implementation, without informing and educating all relevant actors on the provisions of the legislation, without monitoring the reforms, and without effective sanctions on failure to implement.
• It is crucial both to consult and involve women when designing reforms and monitoring their implementation.
• Women’s access to land does not simply hinge on a choice between customary and statutory systems. Rather, we are faced with a more complex question of how the two systems interact and are used by different groups of women and men. The research also emphasizes the need to think about customary law as “living” and evolving.
• Addressing land injustices requires varied approaches that streamline and consolidate numerous land laws in a given country. It is vital to establish and maintain links among research, policy, practice, and people.
• The importance of providing teaching and training in a variety of disciplines for a young generation of women in Africa cannot be overstated.

[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Colombia, Pakistan, Malawi, Senegal, Cameroon
Creator:
Budlender, D. and Alma, E
Year:
2011

The Gender Implications of Large-Scale Land Deals

Full citation: Behrman, J., Meinzen-Dick, R. and Quisumbing, A. R., "The Gender Implicationsof Large-Scale Land Deals" 17 IFPRI POLICY BRIEF (April 2011). - This article addresses the current information gap on the differential gender effects of large-scale land deals through an overview of the phases of large-scale land deals and discussion of related effects on rural men and women; a presentation of further evidence using several case studies on the gender effects of large-scale deals; and a conclusion that looks at knowledge gaps and areas for further research as well as broad recommendations for gender equitable large-scale land deals. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Indonesia, Mozambique
Creator:
Behrman, J., Meinzen-Dick, R. and Quisumbing, A. R.
Year:
2011

Accessing Justice: Models, Strategies and Best Practices on Women's Empowerment

Full citation: IDLO, "Accessing Justice: Models, Strategies and Best Practices on Women's Empowerment," IDLO REPORT (2013). - This paper highlights some of the challenges and solutions for women’s access to justice in diverse legal systems. It shows that women face structural and cultural barriers to accessing justice – insufficient knowledge of rights and remedies, illiteracy or poor literacy, and lack of resources or time to participate in justice processes. This is all the more so as women usually have intensive family responsibilities. Even where women can access the formal justice sector, the outcomes of the process often fall far short of those envisaged by international standards, particularly with regard to property rights, inheritance, divorce and child custody, and spousal abuse. Focusing on legal empowerment as a way to improve both access to justice and the quality of justice women receive, the study presents strategies and best practices in both formal and informal justice systems. Legal empowerment approaches share one core concept: using the law to enable disadvantaged groups to access justice and realize basic rights. They include legal education; legal aid services; support for non-discriminatory dispute resolution fora to complement or supplement informal systems; training of paralegals; and rights awareness. In considering whether such approaches can improve the quality of justice women receive, Accessing Justice brings together a number of IDLO-sponsored case studies in Afghanistan, India, Namibia, Rwanda, Mozambique, Tanzania, Morocco, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. These highlight a variety of lessons for development practitioners, both in terms of engagement with the informal legal sector and, more generally, for the use of legal empowerment and top-down / bottom-up strategies. In an appropriate context, carefully designed legal empowerment strategies may constitute a valuable contribution to improving women’s access to justice.
[Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, Afghanistan, Namibia, Mozambique, Tanzania, Rwanda, India
Creator:
IDLO
Year:
2013

Protecting Community Lands and Resources: Evidence from Liberia, Mozambique and Uganda

Namati and International Development Law Organization (IDLO) publication.

- The study’s objectives were to: facilitate the documentation and protection of customarily held community lands through legally established community land titling processes; understand how to best support communities to successfully protect their lands and determine the types and level of support required; and pilot strategies to guard against intra-community injustice and discrimination during community land titling processes and protect the interests of vulnerable groups. Cross-national analysis of the data illustrates that the by-laws/constitution-drafting process had a statistically significant impact on the substance of women’s and other vulnerable groups’ land rights. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Liberia, Mozambique, Uganda
Creator:
Multiple Contributing Authors
Year:
2012

Engendering Access to Justice: Grassroots women's approaches to securing land rights

The community-based study has three purposes: 1. Highlight the multitude of issues and challenges facing African women in relation to land and property. 2. Document the main strategies that grassroots women’s groups are using to help women attain justice, either by working within or influencing customary legal frameworks, or by assisting women to access the court system, in order to develop a cohesive series of strategies for grassroots women-led groups to use in achieving justice in relation to land and property. 3. Provide evidence that can be used to insert grassroots women’s perspectives and practices into the existing development discourse on women’s access to justice in relation to land and property, particularly within the African context.

It finds broadly that the most important components of successful approaches are: community sensitization and training sessions on customary and statutory legal systems; community mapping; local-to-local dialogues with headmen, chiefs, and local leaders; • the use of community paralegals for information, advice, and access to resources for grassroots women; the use of watchdogs to identify and highlight problems in a community; and, • the development of partnerships with key stakeholders. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Multiple Countries, Cameroon, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
Creator:
Brown, J. and Gallant, G.
Year:
2014

The paradox of gender discrimination in land ownership and women's contribution to poverty reduction in Anglophone Cameroon

Full citation: Fonjong, L., Fombe, L., & Sama-lang, I. (2013). “The paradox of gender discrimination in land ownership and women's contribution to poverty reduction in Anglophone Cameroon.” GeoJournal, 78(3), 575-589. - This study adopted a method of field work involving observations, the use of questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussions for data collection that was able to capture key issues related to women, culture and land. The sample size of 2,205 participants included 80 % women and 20 % men from all socio-economic, political, demographic and ethnic groups. In addition to this sample, interviews were conducted and focus-group discussions held with key women, human rights NGOs and, traditional and administrative authorities in each of the localities.

The study found that land is an important factor of production for both men and women in predominantly agrarian Cameroon. While the legal framework in Cameroon advocates for equal rights and opportunities to resources, the majority of rural women who are mostly peasant farmers can neither inherit nor own land due to gender discriminatory customary practices. The findings revealed that although women are key players in the struggle against poverty who depend solely on land, they still do not have security of tenure over the land they cultivate. Specifically, land inheritance is one of the areas in which gender discrimination is still prevalent. It is deeply rooted in the socio-cultural practices of both patrilineal and matrilineal societies. In matrilineal communities like Aghen and part of Kom, where inheritance follows the female linage, the sons, and not the daughters of this linage have inheritance rights. Field investigation indicates that men and women are unanimous on the fact that current practices discriminate against women. [Threats to Women’s Land Tenure Security and Effectiveness of Interventions - Annotated Bibliography]

Collection Type:
Research Articles
Country:
Cameroon
Creator:
Fonjong, L., Fombe, L., & Sama-lang, I.
Year:
2013