A Case Study on the Settlement of Rural Women affected by Land Requisitioning in China
Urbanization is an apparent and important dimension of modernization in China. One of the main problems in China’s urbanization process is the migration of farmers from the agricultural sector to the non-agricultural sector and the concurrent conversion of agricultural lands to non-agricultural usage. According to current practice, the conversion of agricultural land to non-agricultural use is carried out by the state through land requisitioning. In the past ten years, China’s urbanization in the name of ‘economic development zones’ has resulted in extensive requisitioning of agricultural land. Millions of villagers have lost their land and left farming, seeking new employment in non-agricultural activities to sustain them. This study investigates the impact of land requisitioning on rural women’s living, focusing on women’s employment, training and settlement.